Bengali people were the demographic majority in Pakistan, while the former were second-class citizens with 55 million.
The protest was forcibly broken in 1952 in Dhaka, the capital of East Pakistan, resulting in the death of several protesters. Bengali nationalists saw those who were martyred for their cause, and the violence called for separatism.
Operation Searchlight was a planned military operation conducted by the Pakistan Army in March 1971 to curb elements of the separatist Bengali nationalist movement in East Pakistan. This was confirmed by the government in West Pakistan, it was seen as a serial for the handling of the seashell that was Hannehead in November 1970.
In the nine-month-long Bangladesh War for Independence, Darni, members of the Pakistani army and auxiliary militia murdered and raped between three million people and between 200,000-400,000 Bangladeshi women.
During the nine-month period of the war, the Pakistani military, with the help of local allies, systematically killed an estimated 991 teachers, 13 journalists, 49 physicians, 42 lawyers and 16 writers, artists and engineers.
In response to Operation Searchlight on 25 March 1971 in Mukti Bahini, the Bengali military and paramilitary forces comprising the entire regiment consisting of Pakistan Armed Forces and thousands of Bengali civilians (including people from a cross section of society, especially youth) Were.
The role of Lomarian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War is inseparable. Indira Gandhi, who gave unequal support to the people of East Pakistan.
In March 1971, the Pakistan Army launched Operation Searchlight to stop the Bengali nationalist movement in East Pakistan. Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Arora, Eastern Command’s Gok-in-Sea, commanded the Indian ground forces in combat in the East Pakistan military forces in East Pakistan. Signed Surrender’s equipment in front of Lieutenant Arora.
The Pakistan Army surrendered on 16 December 1971 to the Joint Command of Bangladesh and the Joint Army. Bangladesh was finally liberated unconditionally by the Pakistani Army.