Aristotle’s Views on Literature: Tragedy



hi friends your welcome to literature simply simple way to learn literature and language friends in the last tutorial we talked about Plato and his theory of literature in this tutorial we have improved business about Plato's great discipline Aristotle and his views on literature especially music tragedy so let's start the tutorial with some basic information about Aristotle so additional is considered the most outstanding and famous disciple of Pluto that has a way distinct place as a critic literature and so his lifespan is generally considered as 384 before Christ – 252 before Christ his contribution to the field of knowledge is immense and very fundamental so friends he composed six treaties or six next from the literature and the art of directory but we have only to serve valued among them the one is poiitics and the other is rhetoric politics is devoted to the field of literature or art and rhetoric talks about the waiting skill of oratory and the roots and revolutions in the field of oratory so friends here our concern is basically with literature and his theory of tragedy so it is necessary to discuss his politics because input is we have his views of poetry art then tragedy and EP so let's think first about the plan of politics of the structure of voltage here voltage these abilities or texts of 50 pages only which is divided into 26 small chapters and these chapters improve for example here chapter 1st to 4th is devoted to poetry chapter v discusses comedy tragedy and epic in general chapter six to ninety are exclusively muted to the concept of tragedy which is our basic concern in this tutorial and chapter twenty two twenty two devoted to poetic diction chapter 23 and 54 based on epic poetry chapter 20 again is devoted to poetry and here we find that there are five chapters on poetry in the poetics first one to four at the 25th and the last that is 26 chapter is the comparison between if we can't tragedy so considering this plan we can say that all it is very clear or evident that Pluto has given more space to the concept of tragedy because there are 14 and the last chapter is completely do to the tragedy so let's drop let's discuss about the concept of tragedy first we think this concept in the form of points and here we have some of the points like origin of tragedy definition of tragedy what is simple and complex plot tragic hero so this parts we'll discuss in detail the very first thing instructor talks about is the origin of tragedy for a distorter is an imitation of poet reason invitation and this invitation is of two kinds on two types the first is noble actions of Goodman and mean actions of bad men from high actions we have epoch and from low action satire again in his words in his own words what he did say about the origin of tragedy here I quote the grave of spirits imitated global actions and the actions of Goodman the more trivial shot he attempted the actions of meaner persons at first composing satires as the formative heaps to the course and bridges of the famous man so here it is very clear that the religion of tragedy comes from graver spirit all these serious actions are profound and these actions are imitated in the tragedy so the position of tragedy lies in the serious action and of comedy in lower action so friends as we have stated that the second point here for our discussion is the definition of tragedy it is one of the most definitions in the literature at so here is established definition of tragedy tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious complete and of a certain magnitude in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play in the form of action not of narrative through pity and fear affecting the propagation of these emotions friends if we extract some of the qualities and features from this definition we can say that there are five to six features or qualities which Aristotle mentions in this definition the very first is tragedies and imitation of serious action number second the action is completed has certain magnitude so if tragedy we cannot imitate all the actions happened in the life of protagonists but only those actions we have certain magnitude the third here quality is it should be proportionate of size and length is required for the total effect and uniformity among the various parts too long or too short to play we do not serve the purpose of tragedy so there should be proportionate size and length of the tragedy number for artistic ornament is one of the qualities of tragedy which is comprises the rhythm how many and song so it should be inserted as per the need and as per the requirement in the tragedy the next traffic quality here we have the form of action is different data from the EP in tragedy in epic the spoon spoon by foot but in tragedy we have life characters life performance and this life characters tells us the story and the next or last sixth number is tragedy as capacity cathartic effect on the mind of audience that is progression of purification of emotions through the PTA fear so this is the second point or definition of tragedy here we have third point in the concept of tragedy constituent parts of tragedy as total possible six constituent parts of tragedy very first is fraud so brought first and most essential part of tragedy what is blot blot is nothing but the arrangement of events arrangement of incidents and their failure in the tragedy so events here we have the second character it is second in the sequence of constituent parts of tragedy based on the actions of men their qualities feelings etc it imitates not men only but mainly action through this is significant about the character the next our third constituent part is thought so it is related to the mental and emotional actions and reactions of the characters in particular situation how they think and the plot character and thought are the objects of imitation as Aristotle very clear mistakes waiter playwright imitates these three objects the next here we are fourth and fifth versatile part one is addiction and the other is song both these parts of the medium of imitation of the objects through eight point imitates the above object diction is a special kind of opera hook of the Riu steam tragedy in poetry so diction and song relates to the artistic or ornamental use of language ma special effect then we have the structure of plot the next point so the structure of plot is very significant according to and its total because there should be uniformity among actions which is the very integral part of fraud so we must have proper beginning middle and the ending the action should not be fixed at any stage of the performance or sequence here we have Aristotle's theory of three unities that is unity of action unity of time and unity of bliss so let us think about this unity here we have way first unity of action so tragedy does not imitate all the actions of main which occur in his life but only if few actions which are very serious and have lofty a certain magnitude so there are many events happen in the life of hero but all events need not to be imitated in the tragedy only a few events are significant so this is the unity of action and here we can say that the general events should be committed in the tragedy then we have second unity of time so in the unity of time we have connection between time taken by the events in the plane and their actual representation on the stage so there are many critics who say that the actions must be very fresh and happened within 24 hours and it should be then represented in the tragedy or on the stage but there is no any evidence that as cotton has insisted about this negative I mean in his seminal work moieties and then we have the last unity that is unity of place so this is conformity between the play the unity of place and unity of time because you have places related to where the events happen where the incidents happen and I'm taken for the actions on the stage so here location is significant and frequent change in the location of height distance spoils the scene and hence the location should not be changed all the time there should be a very acceptable locations within the time sports train so the last part of the structure of plot is the ending it is very crucial for Aristotle because according to him tragic or unhappy ending is the only proper and appropriate evening of them so here is the last point that is the concept of tragic hero explained by Aristotle he talks about tragic hero so there should be some goodness and badness of the tragic hero it should be the combination of this two things he should not be too good or too bad he must have some good elements in his personality but also some badness rather equal scene has a flaw or fault which we lead him to fall from his state of being good he produces the concept of hammer TIA that is the flower part in the character hero leading in towards his misfortune or downfall such comfort arouses emotions of PT a fear among the audience so catharsis or position of emotions this is we call in general an idea tragic hero must have some of the funny qualities so he talks about some of the qualities number one goodness but not too much goodness appropriateness real or lifelike consistent consistent or next we have consistent next we have imposition of hammer Tia and the last quality he must be possess that is subjected to reversal of food that we have already discussed from good to bad which will bring the effect of tragedy the so here we have some of the examples of this hammer dia for example me of Macbeth's flower for hammer TM is all ambition author of suspicious nature King Lia's lack of judgment and Hamlet's dilemma passed to their downfall so friends these are some of the basic concepts about tragedy discussed by Aristotle so if you want more information regarding this please go to website literature simply calm and read the article with the same title the views of Aristotle all literature so friends thank you very much for watching the complete tutorial share this video of your friends like this video and significantly subscribe to literature simply for the coming videos and press the bedroom definition icon so that you can get notifications on die

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