BC provincial exam English 12 (THREE steps to analyze exam poem FAST) literature analysis


Get stuck on poetry analysis during exam? Keep on watching!! And I’m Vida. In this video I’m gonna talk about three steps to
analyze exam poem and I will take this poem as an example-the dumka. Step 1
background information check the biographic information and the author
and date of publication and the title. The title may introduce theme or tone. In
this case a dumka is a type of song with strongly contrasting parts which means
contrasting parts may play an important role of revealing the theme. So let’s
look at an example. In stanza one they would sit alone together. In the first stanza their hands are in their laps but at the end of poem he
lifted her hand as if it were the last unbroken leaf and he would hold her hand
in his hand for a long time and they will look far off into the music of
their lives. So these contrasts the change of action means the love between
them is as strong as ever. This is part of the theme. So step two
paraphrase. First you have to analyze the sentence structure to identify subject
verb and object and then make sure you know every pronouns that they refer.
Three unfold the meaning of metaphor simile diction image symbol and illusion. Four analyze the tone through diction. So let’s look at this part you
can pause the video and read this part. So this is the main class and this is the
subordinating clause.This “leaving” we have to identify the subject of leaving who
leave so they- his parents leave profiles of children on pillows and also
we look at this part something like to vanished. So “the dust storms” began
drenched and vanished you have to identify the subject of these verbs then
you know the meaning of the sentence. And there’s a simile so you have to unfold
the meaning of the simile so we can look at the sentence-the dust storms of the
thirties. We look at the footnote. The thirties: the Great Depression of the 1930s was a
time of financial hardship and unemployment. Drought caused crops to fail and dust storms to gather, forcing a mass of people to move to
cities in search of necessities of life. So they encountered hardships during 30s. So dust storms is the hardship so the hardship smearing the sky green with doom. The hardship came and afterwards drenched the air with an amber glow so the situation is improving and the life was becoming better. So paraphrase: they
encountered some difficulties at the beginning of the thirties but later life
became easier. And then we can analyze this part. You
can pause the video to read these long sentences and you can try to use the
strategies I just taught to identify the sentence structure subject verb object
and unfold the meaning of the metaphors simile and analyze other literary
devices and analyze the tone. So there’s an assonance: smile faintly and raise. Use assonance to emphasize they were content about their life. And fields of maize,
bread lines in the city. Contrast harvest and later starving. Rent house versus
homecoming. Contrast rent house with homecoming. They have their own home and other facilities after the war and homecoming homecoming homecoming. Use repetition to emphasize the precious of coming home and relief after the war.
And there’s a simile. We had to mm-hmm Unfold the meaning of the smiling so new piano new season green lawns new
piano with this mahogany gleam like pond ice at dawn. And new season symbolize for
new life. And finally paraphrase: they were happy about the life which they could listen to music and have enough food. But soon the hard time came they were
starving and the war came. He used to be homeless that had their own home again.
They felt precious of homecoming. New life was beginning. Neighborhood was disappearing but new life was beginning unnoticed.
So there’s a simile. The men and women lining main street like mannequins. And
there’s a multiple-choice question of this simile. So let’s look at this. Which
characteristics of the people is implied by “lining Main Street like mannequins”? So mannequins means an artist’s, tailor’s, or dressmakers lay figure. One implied to
model clothing. So let’s check the meaning of each word in the choices. So spiritless
means making animation cheerfulness or courage.
yeah that’s correct. And thoughtless. A lay figure cannot be inconsiderate nor
careless so this is incorrect. Make sure to check the English meaning of each words.Some ESL student may check the new words meaning in their own language but
there might be some translation mistakes in your own language, so make sure you
have to check the exact meaning in English. And for the other two choice we
have no clues in the poem to tell that mannequins are well dressed or well
behaved so the answer is A. Step 3 identify the theme. Pay special attention
on main conflict and themes should be included in the literature analysis. So
the main conflict in this poem is the desire and appreciation of good times
with the changing environment. It’s pretty obvious. And we can see from the
last part of the poem, from the action he lifted her hands as if it were the
last unbroken leaf and he would hold her hand in his hand for a long time and they would look far up into the music of their
lives. In the beginning of this video I’ve already said this means their love is
as strong as ever. So we combined this part of theme with the conflict so the
theme is despite all the bad that had happened to them the good memories are
more important and a love between them is as strong as ever. And you should include
this theme into your literature analysis. Comment below if you have any questions or what you want me to include in my next video. Thumb up if you like this
video. Subscribe the channel if you want to know more provincial exam tips.
Good luck!!

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