Doodling in Math: Spirals, Fibonacci, and Being a Plant [1 of 3]


Voiceover:Say [unintelligible],
you’re in math class and your teacher’s talking about … Well, who knows what your
teacher’s talking about. Probably a good time to start doodling. And you’re feeling
spirally today, so yeah. Oh, and because of
overcrowding in your school, your math class is taking place in greenhouse number three. Plants. Anyway. You’ve decided there are three basic types of spirals. There’s the kind where, as you spiral out, you keep the same distance. Or you could start big but make it tighter and tighter as you go
around, in which case the spiral ends. Or you could start tight
but make the spiral bigger as you go out. The first kind is good if you really want to fill up a page with lines. Or if you want to draw curled up snakes. You can start with a wonky
shape to spiral around but you’ve noticed
that, as you spiral out, it gets rounder and rounder. Probably something to
do with how the ratio between two different
numbers approaches one as you repeatedly add
the same number to both. But you can bring the wonk back by exaggerating the bumps and it gets all optical illusiony. Anyway, you’re not sure what the second kind of spiral is good
for, but I guess it’s a good way to draw snuggled up slug cats, which are a species you’ve invented just to keep this kind of spiral
from feeling useless. This third spiral, however, is good for all sorts of things. You could draw a snail
or a nautilus shell. And elephant with a curled up trunk, the horns of a sheep,
a fern frond, a cochlea in an inner ear diagram, an ear itself. Those other spirals
can’t help but be jealous of this clearly superior kind of spiral. But I draw more slug cats. Here’s one way to draw
a really perfect spiral. Start with one square and draw another next to it that is the same height. Make the next square fit
next to both together, that is each side is length two. The next square has length three. The entire outside shape will always be a rectangle. Keep spiraling around, adding bigger and bigger squares. This one has side length one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11, 12, 13. And now 21. Once you do that you can add a curve going through each square,
arcing from one corner to the opposite corner. Resist the urge to zip quickly across the diagonal, if you want
a nice smooth spiral. Have you ever looked
at the spirally pattern on a pine cone and thought, “Hey, sure are “spirals on this pine cone?” I don’t know why there’s pine cones in your greenhouse. Maybe the greenhouse is in a forest. Anyway, there’s spirals and there’s not just one either. There’s one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight going this way. Or you could look at the spirals going the other way and there’s one, two, three, four, five, six, seven,
eight, nine, 10, 11, 12, 13. Look familiar? Eight and 13 are both numbers in the Fibonacci series. That’s the one where you start by adding one and one to get two, then one and two to get three, two and three to get five. Three plus five is eight, five plus eight is 13, and so on. Some people think that instead of starting with one plus one you should start with zero and one. Zero plus one is one, one plus one is two, one plus two and three, and it continues on the same way as
starting with one and one. Or, I guess you could
start with one plus zero and that would work too. Or why not go back one
more to negative one and so on? Anyway, if you’re into
the Fibonacci series, you probably have a bunch memorized. I mean, you’ve got to know one, one, two, three, five. Finish off the single digits with eight and, ooh with 13, how spooky. And once you’re memorizing double digits, you might as well know
21, 34, 55, 89 so that whenever someone turns a Fibonacci number you can say, “Happy Fib Birthday.” And then, isn’t it interesting
that 144, 233, 377? But 610 breaks that
pattern, so you’d better know that one too. And oh my goodness, 987 is a neat number and, well, you see how these things get out of hand. Anyway, ’tis the season for decorative scented pine cones and if you’re putting glitter glue spirals on your pine cones during math class, you might notice that the number of spirals are five and eight or three and five or three and five again. Five and eight. This one was eight and thirteen and one Fibonacci pine cone is one
thing, but all of them? What is up with that? This pine cone has this wumpy weird part. Maybe that messes it up. Let’s count the top. Five and eight. Now let’s check out the bottom. Eight and 13. If you wanted to draw a mathematically realistic pine cone, you might start by drawing five spirals one way and eight going the other. I’m going to mark out starting and ending points for my spirals first as a guide and then draw the arms. Eight one way and five the other. Now I can fill in the
little pine coney things. So there’s Fibonacci numbers in pine cones but are there Fibonacci
numbers in other things that start with pine? Let’s count the spirals on this thing. One, two, three, four,
five, six, seven, eight. And one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11, 12, 13. The leaves are hard to keep track of, but they’re in spirals too. Of Fibonacci numbers. What if we looked at
these really tight spirals going almost straight up? One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11,
12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. A Fibonacci number. Can we find a third
spiral on this pine cone? Sure, go down like this. And one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11, 12,
13 (muttering) 19, 20, 21. But that’s only a couple examples. How about this thing I found on the side of the road? I don’t know what it is. It probably starts with pine, though. Five and eight. Let’s see how far the conspiracy goes. What else has spirals in it? This artichoke has five and eight. So does this artichoke
looking flower thing. And this cactus fruit does too. Here’s an orange cauliflower
with five and eight and a green one with five and eight. I mean, five and eight. Oh, it’s actually five and eight. Maybe plants just like
these numbers though. Doesn’t mean it has anything to do with Fibonacci, does it? So let’s go for some higher numbers. We’re going to need some flowers. I think this is a flower. It’s got 13 and 21. These daisies are hard
to count, but they have 21 and 34. Now let’s bring in the big guns. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11,
12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23,
24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34. And one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11, (muttering) 17, 24, (muttering) 42, 53, 54, 55. I promise, this is a
random flower and I didn’t pick it out specially to
trick you into thinking there’s Fibonacci numbers
in things, but you should really count for yourself
next time you see something spirally. There’s even Fibonacci numbers in how the leaves are arranged on this stalk, or this one, or the Brussels
sprouts on this stalk are a beautiful delicious three and five. Fibonacci is even in the arrangement of the petals on this rose,
and sunflowers have shown Fibonacci numbers as high as 144. It seems pretty cosmic
and wondrous, but the cool thing about the Fibonacci
series and spiral is not that it’s this big complicated mystical magical super math thing beyond the comprehension of our puny human minds that shows up mysteriously everywhere. We’ll find that these
numbers aren’t weird at all. In fact, it would be weird
if they weren’t there. The cool thing about it is that these incredibly intricate patterns can result from utterly simple beginnings.

100 thoughts on “Doodling in Math: Spirals, Fibonacci, and Being a Plant [1 of 3]

  1. Black
    And
    White are
    All I see
    In my infancy
    Red and yellow then came to be
    Reaching out to me
    Let’s me see..

  2. Haha I remember watching this in fifth grade and falling asleep bc her voice was calming 😂

  3. Have those MacArthur genius grant people gotten in touch with you? They should.

  4. I would give this video two likes if I could just for the drawing of the sheep.

  5. Hi just saying I was watching u for 2 years and I saw this video half a year after I watched it on my yt and after that half a year i saw it in Skl

  6. You can only start a Fibonacci sequence with -1 if you know how to draw an anti-rabbit.

  7. One of your YouTube videos is cited in my free Illustrated Holocene Era Timeline of Science eBook.

    Using a calendar system based on accomplishments of humanity makes sense to me. A much smarter person than me, Cesare Emiliani, had the idea before me but died before he could expand his calendar reform idea.
    I expanded his idea and we are making available for free the Ebook I wrote entitled "Illustrated Holocene Era Timeline: Human Achievements, Advancements, Innovations, and Understanding in Science, Using EMILIANI's HE calendar." If you don’t like the idea of having your information included, please let me know; we can remove the reference.

    If you want to read my free Ebook we have made it available as a PDF at https://www.premack.com/timeline.html. That link also holds the free Conversion Calculator my husband built in excel to help convert dates from BC/AD or BCE/CE to BHE/HE.

    I’m excited (and ok, scared) to share my HE Timeline with you, and hope that you will enjoy and see the benefit from its contents being organized around Emiliani’s Holocene Era calendar reform Idea. If you enjoy it and want to write a review of it, or make a suggestion to improve it, please let me know.

    Ruthie S. Premack – Author / Compiler

  8. Just fyi, Vi, of your copyrights. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8xgfVzef_E

  9. "Your maths class is taking place in Greenhouse no. Three"

    'Greenhouse three'.. Doesn't that sound familiar……..

    OH yeah…. It's in hogwarts…

  10. The weird thing you found on the side of the road is a magnolia.

  11. Omg I found you again. ❤ I have known your channel for 5 years and you've blown up. Your amazing vi.❤❤❤❤❤❤

  12. My dad showed this to me 7 years ago, and i think its the source of my interest in math and entertaining educational youtube videos, which is why i'm going to be a math teacher.

  13. Ah, the fibonacci sequence. One of many base sequences and codes to existence. Lovely set of numbers.

  14. Me: sees illousion she made tries it
    My drawing: 1,00,000,000 erase marks
    Me: HOW U DO DAT!?

  15. What's funny about the "slug cat" is that my cat genuinely looks like a slug

  16. The teacher showed us this on class and we all agreed she is high. 😂

  17. This is exactly why I have a panic attack everyone I go to maths class😅

  18. I just got tricked in to learning a bit of math and I’m not complaining

  19. It, has everything to do with. It. It's all in the math u just explained or were u , jok in around? 🤔?

  20. 2:35
    Wow. Great reference to friday the 13th.
    (Claps slowly, but gradually gets faster until It becomes the planck speed)

  21. Can you say it so it’s actually interpretable. This is actually painful to listen to

  22. My teacher just showed this video in class, now I've watched all your videos lmao

  23. 4:11
    “How about this thing I found in the side of the road? I don’t know what it is, but it probably starts with pine, though!”

  24. My teacher showed us this video in math class today.No wonder he didn’t turn on the volume.Probably not great to let your class hear about doodling in math class! LOL!

  25. Also,please don’t waste food.I don’t think it’s a great idea to eat glitter-glued food.

  26. My teacher showed me this in math class 😂😂. I later saw one of the other videos and immediately knew this was you. I love it

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