Hávamál: The Norse Poem of Odin's Wisdom

hi I'm dr. Jackson Crawford I'm a specialist in the Old Norse language currently finishing up two years of teaching at the University of California Berkeley before returning home to the Rocky Mountains to teach at the University cognitive Boulder and fall 2017 I'm back today with another one my video is about a topic in Norse language and myth and today what I want to do is remake one of my oldest videos which concerns one of the most important and compelling survivals of Old Norse literature which is the poem called home wall in the poetic Edda now the pronunciation that I'm using here is reconstructed medieval Old Norse pronunciation this is an approximation of what linguists believe the Old Norse language would have sounded like in about the 12 hundreds when the poem optimal was written down the pronunciation you may be more accustomed to hearing how the mouth is based on modern Icelandic pronunciation which is often used in talking about old doors or encoding Old Norse so be aware of the difference both are legitimate ways of approaching the pronunciation of Old Norse I simply prefer the reconstructed pronunciation although I've also taught modernized signing I have videos on this channel if you might be interested in the topic one I'll link in a card concerns the medieval reconstruct pronunciation of Old Norse and then I do have a video about modern Icelandic pronunciation as well as the differences between Old Norse and modern athletic and how we go about finding out what dead languages sounded like so with the pronunciation of it out of the way let's talk a little bit about what this poem is first of all its name which is preserved in the manuscripts that this poem is found in consists of from a horse research of a compound of two words bull is commonly seen in the names of poems in Old Norse princess is also green this mould volved through this mode local normal etc and it just means words speech sayings vulva is a form of the adjective or which means high this is the masculine singular genitive weak form of that adjective and what that all works out to is at this means of the haiwan what the high one being masculine there is no doubt that this high one is intended to be Odin since one of his names that he gives in his list of his names in the poem Grima small is in fact four high one there's also a proposal that that name of Odin and dust the name as used in this call might be related to a Gothic language adjective gothic as a close relative of Old Norse hikes which means one I'd this adjective is not attested in Old Norse but if it were found in Old Norse it would take a form very similar to the edge to court hi and so you could look at this as being also not just the words of the high one but words of the one I'd there's no way to prove that's what's intended but it's an interesting possibility which also plays into the sort of wordplay that we often do see an Old Norse poetry it wouldn't be unusual for this to mean both the words of the high one and words of the one-eyed in either case it refers to Odin who is the intended Speaker of the poem if you browse around online or in some popular books you'll find the name of the poem written out in runes typically what people in the wide and all-knowing internet use are the elder futhark rooms like Elder Futhark is a runic output that is actually older than Old Norse the Old Norse language is written in the runic outfit called younger futhark and so I've written out the title of this poem in younger food art here note however that the manuscript this poem is written in the Codex Regius or and I signed a coelom spoke is not written in runes most of the literature that we have in Old Norse is actually written in a modified form of the Roman output the same outfit that we use today if you want to find the Old Norse text of this poem many people become treated by the poem the manuscript itself gks to 365 Porto or codex readiest can be found in very high quality scans online so if you have learned a good bit of Old Norse and also studied reading Carolingian insular manuscripts in the early Middle Ages you can avail yourself of the very original itself these can be found at the website of the out nee Baga silent Institute at the University of Iceland at least as I'm speaking in July 2017 is also heimskringla know which is a website that has Old Norse texts as well as modern Scandinavian translations of them they have translations of them all note that the text there is taken from a public domain early 20th century edition and the editor make some decisions that I wouldn't make in our key eyes and the Old Norse text making and what earlier than it is there's also David Evans translation of are not translation excuse me because edition of the Old Norse text of them all with commentary that can be found on the website of the bucking society for northern research it's a very good resource and that webpage also has many other good resources including a new introduction to Old Norse which is the best available way I think to go about learning Old Norse and then there is also the text edited by a nickel and Coon which you can find online at the Titus project some of this may change that this video stays in line for longer than the last one did you know links come and go but in july 2017 those are all valid links all right now homo is probably not originally composed as one single continuous poem but most scholars have said believe that it is a combination of at least five smaller constituent poems let's look at what these are because I'll talk about them sometimes as units first of all there's guest a filter this literally means the section filter of guests guests on in this section which is probably the most famous part of Ultimo women is presenting basically practical wisdom for your daily life often this concerns a narrative that's framed around a guest someone who is travelling around the countryside and has to stay with different people Hospitality was a central tenet of North Society so it's not surprising that there's an emphasis on hospitality here but also on other things like moderation and and not drinking too much not talking too much but also not not drinking not not talking it's an emphasis on wash fulness there's an emphasis on on sort of using your head but also not being just stuck in your head it's a really fascinating and also practically useful text and I'll be talking more about some of those themes later in this video it's a little hard to say exactly when gifts the filter shades into the next section because they seem to be stitched a little staggered in the transition but guess the filter is used to considered and somewhere around stanza 77 to 81 we could split the difference say about stanza 79 so it is followed by the section we usually call handled north give me evidence so this is Odin's possessive is Jimmy his demonstrations sometimes in English this is called Odin's love advice this takes up stanzas we used say 80 to 110 and it's concerned not just with a couple stories about Odin's pursuits and the world of love he tries unsuccessfully to sleep with one woman and successfully to sleep of another but also sort of general advice about matters of love and relations between the sexes often from a strikingly cynical view point that we also see in guest:i poker and Demi Odense is followed by the section called bold coldness mole so again the speech or words and then load fault near so this is speech or words over for load foot their load fold there is a figure whose addressed throughout this section but it's not clear exactly who this is he's only mentioned in the poem called mole here and also in the section called belittle his name is difficult to interpret it could be something like shaggy or hairy the same root as he finds in for instance the name of nickname running out both broke and then fall near this could be like the name of the Dragon it's the embrace Ursus like a shaggy embrace here that doesn't make a lot of sense it could be some kind of cannon going on here anyway who is emphasis is unclear but in this section even is speaking to someone named local near and giving him advice this advice tends not to be quite as practical and hard-nosed as the advice and guess to filter some of the same themes are there buttload hope this mall also has some magical related advice and that is using considered to be 111 to 137 then stanzas 137 to 145 we have Aruna tall this is literally the tally account of runes in this or worked or the account operands you could also say in this section odin tells us the very mysterious story of how he sacrificed himself to himself on the world create costume and then he talks about acquiring the wisdom of the runes which he did in this by performing a sacrifice and gives some cryptic heads about varenik wisdom and finally in stanzas 146 to 164 which we call the old atoll both enlists 18 magic spells that he knows and tells us what they can do he does not tell us however how to cast them home all is only found in one manuscript as I mention before that the Codex Regius gks to 365 quarter or an ascetic conics book so we're very lucky to have that manuscripts otherwise we would never know that this poem had existed Homo I have been composed anywhere in the few centuries before the Codex urges manuscript was written down the manuscript is written down in about the Year twelve seventy it is a copy of a mint of an earlier manuscript from about 1200 all the pulp mulch of spelling differences from the other poems and the codex Regis that suggests it might have been copied from it different manuscript than the other ones were copied from better in itself is an interesting little detail there are certain words especially for princes and geographical features and trees that suggest this may have been composed originally in Norway at least guess the thought that seems to have been composed originally in Norway this doesn't make a huge difference because the medieval language of Norway and Iceland was almost identical but it's an interesting yet nonetheless on exact date of composition very hard to place and of course the different pieces of hokum all might have been composed at different times and in different places but a reasonable day might be the late 900s of the end of the Viking Age it's a little hard to believe that certain parts that could have been composed after Christianity had come to Iceland and the Year 1000 but there is an argument that has been made that certain parts that might have been composed post Christianity including perhaps parts of DNA codons Odin's love advice the myths of the Norse gods did continue to be told in Christian Iceland so that's not impossible but again the majority of the poem most likely a survival from before Christianity the metre of the poem is largely the metre called the yo the whole third I have discussed Old Norse poetic computers and another video there is also a little bit of mullah halter I made here that I haven't discussed there's an isolated instance of coordinator this log and then the section at the end do the toll is in Galera log this has been metered for talking about or talking in magic spells now in this video I will be reading from all them all in Old Norse and in English I won't read the entire thing although I do have a video where I have read of them all and Old Norse I will be reading so elections that I think are particularly important for understanding the poem the Old Norse text that I'm using reflects my reading of the manuscript together what input from additions such as David Evans Edition that I mentioned earlier as well as visa citizens Icelandic Edition which I often find very useful the English text that I'll be reading from is my translation of home law which is available in my translation of the poetic Edda which came out in 2015 I'll be reading from my code normal translation of home all and not from the cowboy home law which is my translation of guests of both our into the voice of my grandfather the cowboy home all appears as an appendix in my book and I do have a video about it on this channel but I'll be using these sort of normal translation that's a little more literal in this video even if I think that the tone of the cowboy home law is often a very good match for the tone of guests to filter all right well let's proceed by looking at the themes in guests a filter one of the main themes that we find and guests I thought this poem of practical wisdom inside open mold is watchfulness in fact the very first stanza of home all breeds goatee and Allah or the Ganga from you can scold us ski in ski kiosk etco2 Kobe's dicta or all of in their city afflictive hitting at every doorway before you enter you should look around you should take a good look around for you never know where your enemies might be seated within and you also have to watch all about the things that other people say about you or to you the sands of nine Oden says Solar saddle air silver boom or law or gates met on Livy r3 as a road every mother walked fades on our three Austin bore a man is happy if he finds good advice within himself many men have see bad advice by trusting someone else we must distrust other people to the extent that we remain armed in santa 38 odin says walton sedum scala mother fairly or fenty Gangaram r3s August Eric Pizza not a very good rapport bacon booty gars will Thor kuma never go even a single step without a weapon at your side you never know when you might find yourself in need of a spear and we must distressed even fate in stanza 40 Odin says fewer scenes at a finger tethered skivvies mother boner : wolf spider Laden that's headed you Wilma who got mocked Ginga Rivera and barrier do not be so sparing and using your money that you don't use it for your own needs often what you say for your children will end up in the hands of your enemies many things will get worse than you expect and of course they must distressed money incentive 78 odin says fool on Trinder so leg hit you in Solem new bear affair vulnerable swath of alder sent algebra on a ball buster enough I saw big herds of cattle owned by rich man's sons now they carry a bigger staff wealth is like the twinkling of an eye no friend could be more faithless and then of course there's the famous stands of 77 which has been quoted in numerous songs and all over the internet and here there in yonder dirt if a doing a friend or dear silver it's AMA activate in Albury doing domer wouldn't David on where cows die family die you will die the same way I know only one thing that never dies the reputation of the one is died note that you'll sometimes see the home printed with the translation of sheep die rather than what I said just cows done the noun say and Old Norse means money property at all specifically means livestock and in Old Norse at least certainly an old Norwegian which again remembers probably the ultimate origin of this poem the cattle that's typically met is what I would call B's where I'm from you know callous tears Bulls up but in Iceland today that work typically means sheep so the older meaning of the stands that probably is more to imply cows dying but anyway video is that livestock of course dies just like you die it's a very crank observation of course another thing to note is that in the Old Norse text that stands as I read it you may note the word boom boom dead on whether you will sometimes say the Old Norse text of the stanza and others with a word full of of' or I have a word boom um that full of represents an attempt to our key is filled nor so that is usually considered an older filler word in Norse poetry than whom is cool whole mall actually has some instance where there is full and you'll see stanzas bright I do have that word but people who want to make the text look older sometimes replace the glooms of bullets I prefer to leave it more like oh it actually isn't a manuscript just standardizing the spelling a little bit all right so no to that hope most sticks to this life alright this is about how nothing will survive you except your reputation there's no mission of afterlife there's no mention of really spiritual matters at all and this part of the poem it's really just advice for this life in this world forgive me for the weird lighting situation the only letter I can get into this room is the Sun and the Sun has a way of moving around and reflecting off glass outside alright so another big theme that we see in home mode is a major theme of Old Norse moral behavior and that hospitality the obligations both of guests and of hosts so it stands at two we read given the heylia Gessler air in Coleman barks casitas you'll yoke our broader so Erica Bronwyn skull scenes in phrase of Rama hail to a good host a guest has come inside where should he sit he is impatient standing on the threshold ready to try his luck you should be generous with your guests but you don't have to give him more than you can afford in stanza 52 Oden says Nick is a scholar a man together off-campus said in Italy Lord and Hoeven lave Achmed Oh Lou Carey fetch Mary Helena you should not give only big gifts often a little thing when you favor I have one friends with just half a loaf of bread and a bowl of soup there is however whatever your obligations also an imperative to travel so you should be a good traveler good guess and good hose and should definitely get out there and and do this get around travel and since 18 open says sole aim dates at raviga rata orc ever killed umph Adi what are you getting scary guna where so letter V tum be peace only a man who is wide traveled and has wandered far can know something about how other men think such a man is wise and wherever you go you should talk and listen to other people and not just kick to yourself in stanza 57 of them says Brander a brandy Bren booth Brennan air honey quickest a funa mother of money better than a morally cooter and to discover up dude a torch is lit by another and burn so it's burned out a fire is kindled by another fire a man becomes wise by speaking with other men but foolish to himself and we'll probably you should travel around and visit people you shouldn't stay forever unless you're welcome we're out in stanza 35 Rubens's gong Resco scotlock yester devera 3:00 a.m. stop did you put a visitor neither if ling Jie super on are switching boy you should keep moving you should never be a guest forever at any one place you're welcome will wear out if you stay too long beneath another's roof and as you can see : values learning he talks about learning from other people talking to other people but also not being too showy about it this is certain just just practical value to being intelligent it's not about showing off and being pedantic as we see in the next year stanza stanza 6 f kg on decent ski leaves mother Harrison better Hilary gettin up getting full at her horse curb October came a heinous gondola to sell Don benefit VT forum he is all Greg that have been better mother to all the baby and Mundy's Mickey's a wise man is not showy about his wisdom he guards it carefully he is silent when he comes to a stranger's home the wise men seldom wanders into harm for you can never have a more faithful friend than a good supply of wisdom and more along these lines of not being too showy and not being too arrogant about it stanza 22 vessel mother or ela Scotty Clara a creme Etna hit key Hyundai's hon it's a 38 on Arahama Bonner stupid men and undisciplined one laughs at everything he hasn't learned a lesson that would do him good he himself isn't Clovis this is a good thing to reflect on before making YouTube comments and Ogun is not unaware of the price that wisdom often brings with it and stands at 55 every metal snow thir skill I'm unaware Abba kills no three say he had snow third one Sierra the other cell Don glut if thought at all slaughter at all you should be only a little wise never too wise a wise man's heart is seldom glad if he's truly wise hair off so several of the stanzas along similar lives and Odin frequently makes mention the fact that one of the greatest enemies of wisdom is tricking too much in standard 12 he says arrows will got some gold Creta all alba Sona Fiat far evades a flare Drecker seems to guess who me there is not as much good as men claim there is an alcohol for one slow being a man knows less as he drinks more and loses more and more of his wisdom over them even tells a personal story here in stanza 14 he relates older egg God thought over all D in screwed up fellas to be an older but after old hanged here – if Ed Gumi I was drunk I was too drunk at PLR sauce the best kind of feast is the one you go home from with all your weights about you appiy Allah is a name that we know from the story of the oath right here the Norse needed poetry although in that story there's no accountable than getting drunk at the house of jela who is a torch in that story but this could be a lost tail somewhere and Hogan emphasizes not only to be muttered in drinking between moderates and other aspects of life as well in a similar way in stanza 19 we read house needs mother or carry a turkey so at home in your early theft FFA kennis test for a fake angry mother ah – gang gets NEMA Isola don't hold on to the need horn but drink your fair share say something useful or stick quiet and no one else will judge you poorly if you go to sleep early another matter of life to be moderate and cautious about is eating sansa 21 we read the oddity thought vid to NAFTA hain school look gangajal of gauzy and most favored a mother con a buggy seems more lager even cows know when they should go home and leave behind the fields but an unwise man does not know the measure of his own appetite and once again we read about being cautious about speaking in stanza 29 nom and so at a behavior star losest avi arad Matunga NEMA holdin the eggy office if all goes boom Geller you will hurt yourself with all your talking if you never close your mouth a hasty tongue unless it's disciplined often earns its owner punishment and then a very similar thought is in the fragmentary stands of the survivors that stands at 65 Lord of Athena at our mother / M Saviour both tongue guild will get / you will often get repayment in kind for the words you speak to others and there's the first advice but other things for instance there's advice about sleep habits and worry such as in stanza 23 o see the mother bucketed boom a lot of Mathur look he could a pre bet not the water mother era more than the Kindler Hulk interview simbari a fool stays awake all night worrying about everything he's fatigued when the morning comes and his problems remain unsolved another sense of advice concerns sleeping at stanza 58 which reminds us of the Viking society in which these stanzas originated order scholar Issa so on are still here and a few lava sheldon lee hyun d / louder whom getter nestled on the mother sicker rise early if you want to take another man's property or his life a sleeping wolf seldom win the sheep or a sleeping warrior a victory lastly one of the major values that is discussed in home all again and again is the value of friendship for instance in stanza 34 which is somewhat famous degree I'll kind of make it Eric hill is spin our thoughts abroad to buoy until gold spinner Lydia Goggin vaguely felt on Sophia body it's a long and crooked walk to a bad friend even if he lives nearby but it's an easy road to a good friend no matter how long the journey stanza 43 acknowledges a world of friends and enemies of course Vince enums called madhavendra Vera fameux crispy and oven are scenes skillet angry mother Vietnam fin Rivera be a friend to your friend also to his friend but never be a friend to the enemy of your friend of course in a world so hostile it's important to have reciprocal relations with friends and make sure that both are getting something out of it a sense of 44 we read phase 2 F to VIN oh it's Donette bubele Kuya or critters do a poem gote katha gavi's go to VidCon blunder of Gotham's GiftA Farah I'm finna or if you have a good friend and really trust him and what good to come up your friendship you should speak your mind with them exchange gifts visit him often and another famous stanza 47 Irvin reminds us of the sheer joy of good friendship longer bark four of them for tech in someone pulled out of there can be a little bag out there was a curse totem attic anon fond mother at a mod scholar I was young once I walked alone and I became lost on my way I felt like I was rich when I met another traveler people's joy it's and other people so these are some of the major themes of the advice that we find in guests a filter of course there are many other pearls of wisdom in this poem as you'll see the advice is for the most part not restricted to a Viking like society there is the stanza about getting up early if you want to kill someone but for the most part this advice is very ecumenical I mean it's really pretty worldwide applicable and not too different from the kind of advice that we find in other ancient and medieval poems of proverbial wisdom including of course the book of Proverbs also the Egyptian instructions of the Tahoe tip or the instructions of surah pod from ancient Mesopotamia or you can find similarities today in just as I've said the advice that one might give to a grandchild or in as one student pointed out to me in the Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanack or perhaps even in a work like those of Confucius so the advice is pretty worldwide pretty applicable to any kind of situation and doesn't require be the sort of Norse cultural setting for the most part but now I'll move on to the next section of the poem Jimmy Odin's in the section called Timmy Odin's as I pointed out the main theme is relations between the sexes and also just more generally avenues of human life where distrust is warranted in fact stanzas 85 to 89 are just a long list of things that you should not trust and this list ends the words and the end of stanzas sends 89 vanities Mother Superior best suit through E or Luo man man not be so trusting that he trusts all of these things and of course you especially should not trust the other sex in stanza 84 Boden says boy or don't ski li longji cool Neri and credit corner 3 arts or curve and equality for saying your to scope brief it prios une doggies no man should trust the words of a girl of anything a woman says women's hearts are molded on a wobbly wheel the session lurks in their words but oh that of course is a realist you knows both men and women so it's not just women who are called untrustworthy in this poem in stanza 91 for instance oten says Beckenham alley fiat x bad debate pretty fair Carla Hoover column full their figures madam at a very close to you top teller horse KPG I'll speak plainly now since I know both men and women men lie to women we speak most eloquently when we tell the biggest lives and seduce even wise women with lies but there's also a very tolerant attitude in this poem toward the weakness and stupidity that love can bring out and any one of us for instance it stands of 94 we read Louie Vito Fiona and her mother anon scholar this Aaron Morgan Gengar guma hence cow or horse cool get her hold us all new soul and mud game owner no man should mock another for falling in love love is strong enough to make a fool out of a man who wants his lies and haven't we all experienced that the dimi woman's also contains two stories briefly told by other than about times when he tried or succeeded in seducing a different woman the first one concerns his attempt to seduce a woman he calls feelings boy dealing under that name appears as a name of both giants and wars in Norse mythology it's not clear exactly who this is supposed to be but typically the Giants are considered more desirable sexual partners by the gods and dwarves arm so it's fairly likely this is the daughter the towing to delirium oi which means girl of someone named billionaire who's probably a giant : fails to seduce her but then we read about his seduction of the giant lady named Gooden love which is part of the story of how hood and got the magical need of poetry called both are a part of the story of his seduction of Grimbold involves his leaving her behind and then being pursued by her father – Oh Scott other where the gods live and this leads to a somewhat famous quote was the first half of stands of 110 men who gave booth and Hickock a minute javi what's called Haun's take them through up I believe that Odin swore an oath to them but who can trust Odin note that it's Boonton saying that of course this is very much and his character as we know him from the sagas and other poems of the era after telling these stories about his amorous adventures we turned to lone fall too small for Odin was giving advice against someone we don't know anything about named von phul nair for the most part the stands of this section all began with the same or frame they all began rule them clear lone hold near and through holes narrator Nielsen moon do absolute limit they don't want to go have to get her I translate that I counsel you little near if you'll take my advice the Prophet if you learn it it'll tell you good he remembered it not not every single stands in this section begins that way sometimes two stands will seem to be one thought and then only the first one will begin with this refrain but is repeated numerous times throughout this section the advice is given here often has a similarity to the advice that we find in guests a filtered although sometimes with a more magical turn to it to things that we see return to just like and guess the filter our watchfulness for instance and stands of 131 after the refrain odin says thought on dick dick Bavetta oke old the roof is old master orchid honors corner orchid is that it trivia at the over net Leakey which is I advise you to be wary though never fearful be most worrying about drinking other men's women and about a third thing about men and their condition to steal and then there's also concerns of 133 a continuing theme from Denis Odin's about sort of tolerance perhaps for others flaws Sansa 133 both v2 Oh Lord Allah they are a decision any theater course they are true kins a Tacoma Aerith mothers will go there at godly near 50 this will Hitler but alien duty those inside the house really know anything about the stranger who knocks at the door but there's no man so good that he has no flaw nor man so bad is good for nothing now having shared advice in guess the filter advice that love and demyans and advice about miscellaneous talk topics in Lord hope as well we now turn to the most mysterious part of all mall and perhaps the entire poetic edda which is the beginning of the rune natal stands of 138 what open talks about his sacrifice of himself to himself they thick a thick heck didn't got maybe ol nasser al our new theory another book given with knee silver.silver man well then maybe at among evades what a son of a rotten friend I know that I hung a wooden better tree nine long nights here's my spear and given that Odin myself to myself on that tree whose roots grow in a place no one has ever seen this sacrifice of himself to himself hanging from it I seal the world tree and also pierced by a spear is very similar to an account that we read in gothic saga where oh then request that a king be sacrificed to him that King has also hanged and stabbed with the spear I have translated that section of gothic saga into English and I'm going to put that onto my patreon page as a patron work people want to go check that out and compare it it's a interesting scene that has also been made somewhat better known by being referenced in Neil Gaiman American Gods fernlet Alden goes on to talk about the use of runes and magic Odin mentions sort of his own experiences and learning them and also some cryptic clues about their use before moving on to new of the tall which is where the talks about the 18 magic spells that he knows again he doesn't actually tell us how to do these that would be too cool right but instead just narrate in golfer log the meter that's associated again with magic spells the medic spells he knows how to do so let me give you an example of one of these stands of 156 thoughts connect it Aleta avec sculpted or stood later long Vinnie wonder around there again and Farah met Ricky para Halley killed our two hey Leah he'll be four coma Thea hey Leah quad on which in English is I know an 11 spell if I lead old friends into a battle I enchant their shields so that they will have the victory they will go to battle unharmed and return from battle unharmed they will come home without harm and finally after narrating these 18 magic spells that he knows how to cast Odin wishes us farewell and the last stanza a whole mall stanza 164 new era home bulkhead in Omaha Louie Alfred itza sonam authority on a solemn head of sword quad halo silicon guilty sort of non Hayley they're a taxi – in English now the words of the one-eyed or the high one are heard in Valhalla for the benefit of humans for the harm of giants help to you who speak them healthy you who know them joy to you who learned them health to you who hear them I certainly also wish you health and joy and I thank you for taking the time to listen to my discussion of home mold this is based of course on something like an introduction to the poem that I give in my Norse mythology classes although obviously we go into much more detail there I hope that if you're interested in taking a look at the poem in Old Norse so take a look at some of the links that I mentioned earlier or perhaps look for something like ISA citizens both this is called edgy crabby with Icelandic language commentary or David Evans texts and commentary at home all that I mentioned on the Viking society website I hope also that if you haven't yet you'll take a look at my translation of the kwatak edit which includes the whole translation of in reading from as well as the cowboy home all my special translation of gifts the filter and art of my grandfather which I'll also link a reading to can be in screen of this video for now from the University of California Berkeley and wishing you all the best

30 thoughts on “Hávamál: The Norse Poem of Odin's Wisdom

  1. In Roman script the second and the penultimate letter (Á) look the same and the forth one (A) is different. I wonder why in the Futhark script the second and the fourth rune are identical.

    Is there any explanation for that?

  2. Can anyone tell me why Oss is used for the last A in Havamal? Still learning. Thank You

  3. Scholarly presentation – v much enjoyed it.
    One pt worthy of mention is the emphasis is on 'breath' and 'higher will/spirit life-force power' (Ande and Megin). The greatest human travesty is that we too often (with our personal/ego ID form being TimeSpace bound) become caught in the physical plane of the hagl runic principle (Heimdal – the cross-roads of incarnate/dis-incarnate). Hence we lose the connection to the immediacy of vertical ascension available to us all.
    As an overview, the Nordic ancestors practiced and placed great emphasis on the breath/vocal connection via will (Galdr) and more (pardon the new-age cliche) shamanic connectivity (Seidr) to their ancestral connection (the Van and Aesir) and an approximately yet not geographically equivalent practice called Stav to Advaita (and other) Tantra and Vedanta.
    Hence, given you are teaching a scholarly account of the Havamaal etc I advise to look into the Skaldic POV of this deep wisdom as he teachings were not just intellectual, rather to be fully absorbed via the full human capacity (big emphasis on natural (spontaneously arising) rhythm via breath (in/ex-halation / draw and release/proactive surrender of will) … you need only to look at the 'numerological' rather than just literal written accounts of Snorre Sturlason (in depth) to comprehend what I am banging on about.

  4. Lovely. I find it insulting that christianity demonized norse kin, when they were one who were barbaric and savage, cutting down epitaphs of yggdrasil and the runically imbued statues of old, under the pretense of combatting satanic paganism. Also, as a digression, your tone and accent are praiseworthy.

  5. Good Evening
    Professor Crawford,

    Is there a particular site you are aware of, or recommend in regard to seeing and hearing each word of Havamal being read aloud?
    I know you read the Havamal on two occasions, but I am looking for a word by word breakdown.

    Thank You for your Time
    Kevin R. Atherton

  6. I am loving this so much! Only just found your vids, whih is odd since ive watched many on similar topics, but as others have alredy said in the comments, it really is great to hear this translated here for us to hear

    My only small complaint/wish would be that when you speak the english, you leave the norse up on screen so we can see/hear/compare as it is said
    Does your translations of the edda (your book) have the 2 languages side by side? Pretty sure i will be buying it regardless of your answer, ive seen it before and somehow hearing you speak from it has made my decision as to whose translations

    Really wish i had learned and studied all of this when i was still a younger man, but i guess there is no reason not to learn it now, its just harder to make it sink in it seems

  7. Dr. Crawford, I absolutely love your work. I am currently reading through a copy of your translation of the Poetic Edda. I have a question about the 'Havamal'. What are the spells that Odin mentions at the end of Havamal? Sure, it gives a brief description but not how to go about conducting them in the 'way of Odin'. Any help would be greatly appreciated! Take care!

  8. Thank you so much, excellent video! Hugs & sunshine 🌞 N

  9. Man, Odin gives good advice. Thank you for the translation.

  10. Just purchased two of your books. Very excited to read them. Great job

  11. I don't know if it's the same, or a very different version I have read in book on the viking age many years ago, where the archeologist wrote a few verses that she suggested were skjlade songs kind of rules to live by and best I can translate it and remember.
    Die shall goods/estate
    Die shall gold.
    Die will friends, and die will you.
    But I know one thing that will never die, and that is a name won by deed.

  12. Could Lodd in Loddfafnir mean fate or destiny and thus it would mean Fatembracer? in modern norwegian it has connotations with fate in sayings and proverbs.

  13. 23:57 "a good thing to reflect on; before making youtube comments". Hilarious and oh so true

  14. Have you ever considered doing distance courses? I would love to take one of your classes.

  15. I'd happily pay for a Younger Futhark Runic translation of Stanza 9! I can't find it anywhere

  16. Interesting – the 'a' s in 'Havamal' would still be pronounced the old way in North East of England 'Geordie' dialect. Not surprising I suppose owing to the history! Great videos – a real 'kist o riches! Cheers!

  17. I could listen to this all day. Matter fact i may even meditate on it

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