How to Read Literature Like a Professor



a literary text is like an iceberg the tip of which is perceptible in terms of the story of grasp and the language understand yet what is lying underneath is richer still and far more tremendous than meets the eye many readers it's Stormin they feel when they are unable to see the full picture of literature but only fragments of it this is perhaps due to the fact that reading requires some background knowledge and obtaining the set of tools which in turn helped out in dissecting the hidden messages the text may entail symbols archetypes myths intertextuality religious imageries and so forth readers may find themselves face to face with these concepts each time they attempt to dig into a literary text in his book how to read literature like Professor Thomas C Foster explains that what separates a professional reader from the rest of the crowd are the three items he called memory symbol and patent for professional readers is inevitable that memory is triggered each time they read and start wondering where they have read this before fesses are cursed with memory as far as the puts it they wander around in their stored knowledge and past experiences searching for something to relate what's newly read with what had been read memories thus a key factor which helps look for symbols and patterns thinking symbolically as Foster says is how professors read everything is a symbol of something seems until proven otherwise Grendel monster embarr wolf can symbolize the antagonism of the world around us there are existence as human beings symbolic imagination is not easy to get as it takes lots and lots of training Frost explains that symbols cannot be reduced to stand for a single thing they don't work straightforwardly a white flag can mean a bunch of things I give up don't shoot or it can mean we come in peace if however it means one thing then it isn't symbolism as much as it is allegory and if there is ambiguity or a lack of clarity regarding the one-to-one correspondence between the emblem which is the figurative construct and the thing it represents then the allegory fails which the message is blurred symbols can stand for a range of things and the point can be reached easily inium fosters a Passage to India the visit of dr. Aziz and Adler quested to the marble caves took a dark turn now in a basic level Caves can suggest the connection to the most basic and primitive elements in our natures but one can't let this rest without thinking of Plato's allegory of the cave the case allowed Adler to come face-to-face with her true self and terror sweeps over her due to the ultimate and uncertainty of what she finds there in the case she avoided her entire life Adler quested as the name points out he's on a quest to find her real self mr Fielding expresses his thoughts about her after the trials when he said that she was no longer examining life but being examined by it she had become a real person much like the symbolic imagination pattern recognition means distancing oneself from the story life and books as foster puts it fall into similar patterns patterns are originated from archetypes which are the original model upon which similar things are patterned an archetype can be an idea a character or even a plot if our hero in the story is a lover for instance and he's modeled after Prince Charming if he is a warrior then Odysseus possessing superpowers than Superman again and again we find ourselves met with the same plot a hero's journey our quest for LaMotta the hero with a thousand faces as Joseph Campbell calls it in his book Ishrat associates many of our heroes such as Bilbo Baggins Alice Luke Skywalker or Harry Potter they all fit in the monomyth as they all lived in an ordinary world then received the cult adventurer cross the first threshold met with trials friends and foes got aid from a mentor one to the dragon's lair where they faced their biggest fear had a moment of despair received the prize returned to the ordinary world and finally the hero returns but not quite the same as he departed the mythic quest is divided into three main categories the departure initiation and the return of the hero each of these stages contains many steps hero must undergo in order to change from the person he is to the person he needs to be it is safe to say that those recurrent patterns are everywhere and what makes them prevalent is the fact that each newly created work is just a small addition to the greater story which may consist of our story as human beings in this life and as is the case in human reproduction stories grow out of other stories it's as foster puts it there is only one story it has always been going on and it's everywhere around us and every story you've ever read or heard a watched is part of it the Thousand and One Nights beloved Jack and the Beanstalk the epic of gilgamesh and so forth TS Eliot once wrote that when a new work is created it is set among the monuments adding to and altering the or

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