How to Write a Synthesis Essay [UPDATED]

A synthesis essay is a lot like a regular
thesis essay, except that it argues something that comes from multiple ideas that come before
it. This means that in order to argue your point,
it has to be based on proven points, like a hybrid of ideas. The Background: you can take two thesis statements and isolate
the “skeleton” of the idea behind both of them, and combine it into an argument in favor of
the raw information being argued. For example, if you have a thesis statement
like: “Dolphins go crazy in captivity.” Or “Zoos are cruel.” The resulting Synthesis Essay thesis statement
would be: Mammals are best left to exist outside captivity. You might have noticed what happened here
was that we created an inference from both of these thesis statements. For those that don’t know what an inference
is, it’s a guess-based conclusion based on where all the evidence is pointing, even
if you don’t have the full picture. Like, if you have a text that strongly, obviously
hints at something, it’s likely that you’d be right if you gambled on that result. In other words, you have to get the basic
point of what multiple thesis statements say. We’re taking the core idea, and now we’re
going to have a written discussion about it by comparing different sources that have their
own things to say about the topic. The entire thing seems counter-intuitive at
first to some, but it’s really like a diet version of a research paper, with the exception
that your time limit for writing it is tighter —because research papers take a while. Your job is to comment on the sources and
construct a written result taken from what the sources are trying to argue. Dig deep into the origin of the idea behind
the sources. Taking the thesis, which we came up with, we
got to the core idea behind both of the original thesis statements, which is the following
thing in-common: they’re both about mammals not having a good time living in captivity. Let’s take a look at the outline for a Synthesis
Essay: The introduction paragraph consists of 4 steps,
which are to hook the reader, give a bit of background for your topic, explain the relevance
of your topic, and then state the Thesis Statement. Let’s come up with a new thesis statement then:
As pets, cats cause less stress than dogs. Now that we’ve done that, next, let’s have a look at the arguments that are
the opposite of the thesis statement. We’re looking at work that attempts to contradict
our position, to say why we’re wrong. Going over this prevents us from being an
echo chamber – where only our points of view are considered. Start the next paragraph with a Topic
Sentence, one that introduces the counter argument to your Thesis. For example, let’s say our counterpoint
is: Cats do not cause less stress as pets because they are far more difficult to control
and care far less about the owner’s requests. By adding a quote from one of your sources
that contradicts your Thesis, you’re offering something called peer-reviewed evidence, which is an instrument
that has weight in a discussion. So, don’t merely quote; offer your comment too. Here’s an article that you could use and quote
from, titled: “Study backs up what owners already know:
Cats don’t care.” Your quote from there could be:
“Japanese researchers have tested whether or not cats recognize their owners’ voices. The good news: they can. The bad news: they’re probably going to ignore
it.” Your comment to this could be:
“Given that reputable scientists have conducted a study that produced testable evidence on
the nature of cats responding to owners’ commands, we can infer that cats cannot be
trusted to be stress-free pets because any element that lives by its own rules is likely
to be a liability.” And so on, and so-forth. Explain the degree to which it is valid, but
also why it isn’t valid enough. Continue piling on more and more evidence like
this that contradicts the thesis—but, let’s keep that number at a maximum of 4 to 5. Moving on, the next paragraph must now consist
of the first reason to support your claim. You may include a quote to support your position,
but be careful not to just awkwardly throw it in there. Write your commentary on this quote explaining
your point of view on why it backs up your thesis. Follow this with another piece of evidence,
such as a citation from another source, and add your commentary to this as well. Wrap up the paragraph with summarizing commentary
on the relation of your evidence to the topic sentence. According to some sources, this 3rd paragraph
must contain the least important reason, with the idea of the reasons supporting your claim
in paragraphs 4 and 5 building up in strength, in order to offer the emotional climax in
the 6th paragraph that talks about why you should agree with the thesis and perhaps do
something about it. Repeat your approach to the 3rd paragraph
in the 4th and 5th paragraphs. Again, the formula for this is:
• Topic Sentence • Evidence 1
• Commentary • Evidence 2
• Commentary • Paragraph Summary The 6th and final paragraph summarizes all
your points into one complete argument. Add any and all final facts you have at your
disposal (without obviously expanding the essay further), and add something that convinces your reader based
on how it makes them feel emotionally, or appealing to the authority of the idea (because, well,
most people react to reputation), or you could add an appeal to reason – asking the audience: “Don’t
you agree that this makes sense?” Hey guys, if you liked the video and found
it informative, please let me know by hitting the like button and subscribing to our channel. Leave a comment below with a test draft of
the introduction paragraph of your Synthesis Essay based on the structure we gave you in
this video. Make it like 3 to 4 sentences. The best introduction paragraph will be announced
in the next video as the winner, and if we get more than 50 comments, we’ll send the
winner a branded t-shirt. Thanks for watching.

2 thoughts on “How to Write a Synthesis Essay [UPDATED]

  1. Outsource an essay and forget about sleepless nights

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