Latin Language Pronunciation | Visual Latin Curriculum

[Music] hi I’m Dwayne Thomas from visual Latin a homeschool video curriculum and today I’m answering a question that I get for all the time for my students what is with the Latin pronunciation what is with the pronunciation of this language there’s basically two ways to pronounce it there’s classical Latin and there is ecclesiastical latin which some people call church latin there’s another one called english pronunciation to which I’ll talk about in just a minute but first let’s talk about the two big ones classical pronunciation and ecclesiastical pronunciation I’ll put the alphabet on the board and I want you to notice there are two different colors going on there are orange letters and there are white letters the orange letters basically are pronounced the same and behave well look B says but as in bumble bee and D says as in dinosaur incidentally which dinosaur can jump higher and house all of them houses don’t jump so let’s look at the letters that cause problems because everybody gets tripped up over these two different pronunciations ecclesiastical or classical and you know what really it’s just a few letters it’s C g j V and W and I honestly shouldn’t have even put W on the board because the Romans didn’t have W so we’ll just give her two W so now we’re down to four letters that cause problems when you’re pronouncing Latin C in classical Latin C is always hard so if I wanted to talk about Julius Caesar for example I’d say Ullaeus Kizer or Ullaeus Kaiser Kaiser ulis Kaiser ulis Kaiser in classical Latin G is always hard so I have the the word here for Queen in Latin in classical Latin that would be Regina Regina in classical Latin the J is always pronounced as a a Y sound yeah as in yeah as in yak or yeah as in Ullaeus and by the way in ecclesiastical latin it’s the same you would say you’ll a she wouldn’t say Julius Caesar he’d say Ullaeus Caesar you actually wouldn’t say Caesar but we’ll get to that in a minute and then V is pronounced as a W so when Caesar defeated an enemy he sent back a note to Rome a short note to Rome saying that he had won and the note of course you know was vini or weenie wedi vici that’s classical pronunciation weenie we’d the vici I came I saw I conquered weenie we D quickie that’s basically it y&z don’t show up too much in Roman words but they show up in Greek words a lot so that so I added them in our alphabet here but classical Latin is basically regular pronunciation of all these letters except for these four guys right here CG and our CJ and V ecclesiastical latin in ecclesiastical latin c is hard unless c as hard as in cat in cat or in seat in Kizer i can’t do that c is hard unless it’s in front of these letters E and I I II these two letters combine a E and Y and I actually put on the board a the first verse in the Vulgate first verse in the Bible to demonstrate this let’s look at C in these letters if I was practicing or if I was pronouncing this in classical Latin I would say in principio kravid deus calum at tehram or caelum actually I keep messing up on this combination right here Chi loom at Tehran in ecclesiastical latin or in church latin notice that the language doesn’t the stay the same and that’s an important point it’s the same language different pronunciations but it’s the same language keep that in mind the language doesn’t the language doesn’t but the pronunciation does in instead of principio now I’m going to say because C is in front of an eye brain chip EO in principio C in front of an R well that’s not one of our letters that changes the pronunciation of C so we’ll still say cray of it just like in classical in principio kravid deus che loom we have a C in front of this combination here Calum at tehram same rules for G if G is in front of e AE i IE or Y then it it makes the sound in giant the English word giant if it’s not in front of those letters it makes the sound in goat so for this word right here which is queen in Latin in classical Latin we’d say Regina in ecclesiastical latin would say regime that the differences are minor keep that in mind we already talked about J it always says the sound yeah in Hyuk or yeah in yellow just quickly I want to talk about H H is a normal sound in Latin but in classical Latin in the words in the word Miki it’ll sometimes be pronounced Miki with a with a K sound so you’ll hear that sometimes if you’re listening to the Bible in Latin and you hear that word Miki it’s me he or that’s how you would pronounce in classical at Miki alright so V is the last one V makes either the W sound in classical Latin we nee we do we key or the V sound in ecclesiastical latin vini vidi and then we have a seat in front of it I hear so vini vidi vici so there you go the differences are minor I mentioned there’s another pronunciation called the English pronunciation and you’re used to that if you’ve ever heard of the Roman orator Cicero that’s the English pronunciation where C makes this sound sometimes not always but it makes this sound sometimes so in classical Latin you would say kick a row in ecclesiastical latin say chicha row and in they eat using the English pronunciation you would say Cicero huh too many sounds Julius Caesar would be Julius Caesar or Julius Caesar perhaps and in classical Latin Julius Kaiser and an ecclesiastical latin Julius cheeser so there you go same language small variations and everybody stresses out about these different languages are these different parameters pronunciations and they’re not that bad the differences are minor it’s just a handful of letters that make the difference alright if you want to learn more about Latin check out visual Latin

100 thoughts on “Latin Language Pronunciation | Visual Latin Curriculum

  1. Best laugh I've had in a long time!
    Solid comedic value.
    Weenie, weedie and weechee!

  2. Wouldn't the E in Veni be pronounced like "eh".. as in "Bet"? Or if it's long… like "ey" as in "they"???

  3. yo como hispanohablante jamás escuche que la palabra española "cielo" caelum en latín se pronuncie como "kaelum" ustedes están bastante mal. además que lo pronuncian terrible. quieren estudiar latín, mejor se los enseñamos nosotros.

  4. Ended up here by coincidence, following a discussion about how to pronounce "Caesar". You're coming through as a great teacher, keeping the ancient materiel fresh. Well done! 🙂

  5. it does seem as if LATIN is applicable language, I would rather encourage east europe to adapt it as an official language in formal contracts, schools, and then later it will become a spoken language. They also could keep the origin while lift the sound up to meet english, and german and french languages.

  6. we used to pronounce principio with "tz" sound for c. Any other languages do that? Also cicero pronounced like tzitzero

  7. Which dinosaur can jump higher than a house means higher than the height of a house.
    Which dinosaur can jump higher than a house CAN. >:)

  8. CE, CI, GE, GI sounded hard in classical times all right, but SLIGHTLY palatalized, THIS IS A LINGUISTIC RULE. The process of full palatalization took some centuries to complete and become the church Latin of today.

  9. Italian is closest to Latin phonetically (long and short syllables, intonation) A good knowledge of Italian phonetics is a PRECONDITION if you are to get any close to Latin accent. Latin has a tremendous musicality, JUST LIKE ITALIAN.

  10. well I'm Italian
    The italian pronunciation is the same as latin, because italian is derived by latin
    -ae is a dittong, so it's no ae
    But as e in italian
    And a in english
    But overall something is correct
    But the pronunciation is wrong

  11. I enjoyed your lesson very much. I work with bacteria and is always a debate how to pronounce Escherichia coli, some people say "ch" is a k sound and some others pronounce it like sh. AT the same time, in English people say "kolai" and in Spanish "koli".

  12. Latina, lingua antiqua roma est progenitor, ex linguis romanorum, lingua magis pulchra in mundo. !!!! ✋😁

  13. Jee! What a mess! He got it all mixed up. Particularly the Veni, vidi, vici.I hope he is not a teacher.

  14. How are digraphs and dipthongs pronounced? As in "Kalanchoe"? (the 'ch' and 'oe' sounds) kal-un-KOH-ee?

  15. What is also helping me is using Google translator to hear the correct pronunciation of the words. And by using that, I hope to get a natural feel for how Latin should be pronounced.

  16. Would it be possible that "v" had a more slavic sound like "vwuh" than either v OR w?

  17. But the way his videos/instructions are organized, these are the most easily RETAINABLE lessons I've ever seen.

  18. Learn the correct Classical Latin pronunciation of 500 common words in the Learn Latin Audio Flashcards app for iPhone:

  19. Why do you pronounce Regina correctly, meanwhile you say Veni with the sound of E like (E)at? You should pronounce Veni with the same sound of E like (E)xaxtly

  20. Thanks for the video, very useful. , for "Veni" I never heard it pronounced as "veenee". The "e" should be like the Italian "e" (like in temple)

  21. انا اتحدث اللغة العربية وأريد تعلم اللغة اللاتينية
    أرجوك ساعدني 😭😭😭😭

  22. my favorite animal is the fox and fox in latin is vulpes I'm confused on how to pronounce it is it (voo-l-peh-s/woo-l-peh-s) or (vuh-l-peh-s/wuhl-peh-s)?

  23. And in German pronounciation the c makes before the e, i, ae, y the ts sound., like "Tsitsero".

  24. Yeah, yeah, he's american, we get it. I could understand what he meant just fine and I speak portuguese, spanish and french. Get over it, latinos.

  25. Brilliant. Explained everything in pronunciation. Hats off to you Sir.

  26. I thought V sounded like a w, and it also is used as the vowel we know as u. There was no u originally. For example: Jvlivs Cæsar.

  27. It's vEni not vIni so even if assume that in classical Latin V was always pronounced W then it would be wEni not wIni e as in vest

  28. I know that – I am a Peruvian in Peru and my language is Spanish. Spanish, like Italian, Portuguese and Romanian are direct descendants of Latin, so when they speak in Latin the sound is pleasant and harmonic. I remember around the 1950's Cardinal Cushing came to Lima and I was in one of his Masses. I found very disappointing his pronunciation. American English pronunciation is too far away from Latin!

  29. He forgot TI: in Ecclesiastical Latin it is pronounced /ts/ as in ‘otium’.

  30. Latín: "Veni, vidi, vici"
    Spanish: "Vine, vi, vençí"

    vidi = "yo vi" or "di vista" = vidi

    The "v's" were always pronounced like in Spanish. In fact, Latín comes from "Spanish" as funny as that sounds; but trust me, I know the history of my tongue.

    This video needs to fix that idea of saying "ueni, uidi, uici"; it is funny and wrong!

    Also, the rules for "c" is wrong in this video; again, it is the same rules as in "Spanish". "Kesar" sounds foolish in our tongue and in Latín. It always and forever will sound like this: "Çésar".

    Do not be deceived by this video.


    P.S. The letter "g" in Latín = Spanish (same rules).

  31. venit present tense was pronounced vweh-nit and in the past tense vway-nit. you see Latin had 5 vowels and 10 pronunciation, 5 short and 5 long. Italian has 7 having kept two sounds for letters e and o. The other Romance languages except Romanian have 5. So If you speak Italian you cannot reproduce the sound of Latin unless you use ten vowels unless are speaking Late Latin in the 4th or 5th centuries as the 10 w

  32. from below…as 10 sounds were heading to 7 or 5. and the letter a sounds of amica, amicae, amicae, amicam (no m pronounced) and amica ablative were reduced to one sound AH. By the way v was not a ww but an asperated vw as vwuh that became b in Spanish and Portuguese and Catalan.

  33. For people wondering about the "c-sound":

    There was actually a latin dude back then who created a literate school and proclaimed to change the hard c and make it soft in some cases. Before it was ALWAYS hard. Well documented in latin scripts.

    So the clasical hard c-sound is actually a fact. It also explains why romance languages today don't understand it. It was simply changed troughout roman times. Sardinians still pronounce it hard to this day.

  34. As a Portuguese speaker, I'd rather pronounce Latin in the ecclesiastical way. It just sounds better even though I know that's not the way Caesar used to pronounced it.

  35. This man's pronunciation is surprisingly bad. This is clearly a case of unconscious incompetence. I can't imagine teaching something that I didn't clearly understand. This guy can, though.

  36. I'm an independent researcher. Are you teacher? According to my basic knowledge is no J in Latin? Julius was spelled and pronounced with an I..

  37. Shouldn't the single vowels be pronounced as they are in the various romance languages?

  38. You, as an English speaker, have a bad pronunciation of Latin!
    Many Latin sounds are different of how you pronounce them, including C and T.

  39. Please try to fix your own pronunciation before teaching others. Especially your vowels.

  40. Where are all the Rolling R’s??!!! Why does he just trow them away! They literally make the whole language sound as amazing as it is

  41. You were very helpful. Most people are afraid of Latin. You made it interesting and relaxing. You're a great teacher. Thank you. PS. Veni is pronounced "E=egg" Veni.
    It's very hard for American speaking people to pronounce Latin. AEIOU are pronounced differently in English. In Italian I'm able to understand the sound. In English I see where the problems are in the pronunciations.

  42. what's with all these americans teaching greek and latin pronunciation with that pirate r sound?

  43. I’m just starting school in a new city. My mom asked me what I wanted to focus on as a new hobby. I told her I wanted to tackle the old Latin language. And to learn 1 new word a day.
    I found the translation for imagine. Which is meditati. But I can’t find anymore info on it other than imagination. I asked my teachers but the don’t know. Can anyone tell me if that is the Latin word for imagine? Thanks!

  44. Caesers Latin, the v was pronounced w and c was always hard. So Caesar was actually pronounced 'Kaiser'

  45. Can any one tell me the which pronunciation was first used like the oldest

  46. How do you pronounce “Cicero” like the famous Philosopher. Specifically, in the time he was alive. Thank you.

  47. i get some people find it hard to pronounce some words/letters in languages that arent their first languages. But at least try. English has like a "soft" way of speaking while in some languages you need to speak clear. this is just an english way of trying to pronounce foreign words, nothing more. i had Latin for 2 yrs only now but ffs i could teach this guy easily. it hurts my ears, honestly.

  48. In classic latin rhere was v and u described the same way, f.e. „vvlgata” = „vulgata”, and c was sometimes k and sometimes s or c. So Julius Cezar /Yulious Csezzar/ and not /Kezzar/

  49. hello Dwane Thomas. Please,
    1. you are important
    2. I admire you
    3. Invisible beauty
    Translate to Latin, thank you very much!!!

  50. It is always funny to see, that native speakers of Romance languages are not willing to accept, that in Classical Latin „c“ was always pronounced like „k“. Despite the fact that virtually all linguists do agree on that. Italians, Spaniards, French and Portuguese are always complaining in our language „c“is pronounced as „tse“ or „Che“. Yes but the modern Romance languages are more related to Vulgar Latin ( sermo vulgaris) as to Classical Latin! That is the reason why the pronunciation of Classical Latin is so much different to the pronunciation of modern Romance languages.

  51. Okay, Caesar (KAI-sarr, not SEEZ-er) would’ve said WANY, not weeny nor veiny; definitely not Vinny. So WANY, WEEDY, WEEKY is the classical sound of veni vidi vici. Our teacher here must’ve been taught by monks or priests. No need to beat him down just because he’s clearly not accustomed to using the classical pronunciations, people. If anything, his blunders help shed light on how easy it is to mispronounce some Latin words if you dabble in more than one style.
    It’s not a big deal if you don’t make it one. If you can tolerate English spoken in a myriad of accents and dialects, you can deal with a few variations of Latin which is not ANYONE’s everyday language unless you live in Vatican City where I suppose they use ecclesiastical.

  52. I'll make it easier for you: Pronounce Latin the same way Italian is pronounced as Italian is the least evolved language of all nowadays spoken Romance languages, hence the closest to Latin.

  53. Thank God for this channel! My 12-yr-old son likes Dwane’s style. His videos help us with Henle 1. Having said this, I will address all these critical commentators: Type in latintutor channel to hear gorgeous pronunciation as well as more advanced teaching. 😊

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