Literary Analysis Part 5: Syntax



in our last lesson we looked at word choice and diction that the author uses in order to create messages and create the tone of the piece this lesson we'll take a look at the syntax of a piece syntax is the sentence structure that an author uses in order to put the scene together so basically syntax is how the words are placed in a sentence in a paragraph how those paragraphs arranged on a page and how the passages are arranged in a longer text like a novel syntax is important for three reasons number one it directs the readers through the passage and so it helps them get from point A to point B to Point C reason number two sentences impact the pace of the passage you can through the types of sentences an author uses can make a scene go fast or slow which impacts the message as you guys can probably guess you'd want to use faster sentences and a scene like action where you want to make things move a lot faster you want it to feel like the reader is almost losing their breath whereas you'd want a slower scene if you have some description and you have more complicated text so you want to slow things down so that meaning or comprehension isn't lost our third reason is that by placing words in a certain order or repeating them or placing sentences and paragraphs in a certain order it gives emphasis to ideas so if we see repetition we're going to assume that whatever word is being repeated or if the fragments being used that that single idea is important too tax Commons and tax structures that you guys should know about the first one is periodic periodic means the most important idea comes at the end so you have a word at the end of a sentence that is important to the meaning of the text loose sentence structure is the opposite where the most important idea comes early in the sentence and the remaining sentence unfolds loosely so you have whatever idea is important and then you have some descriptive ideas that come after it many of you have already heard of parallel structure basically parallel structure means that we have sentences that have equal parts grammatically and so they balance each other out they're also called balanced sentences we also use repetition and syntax structures as we said before we repeat key phrases and words to create emphasis we hear this in Martin Luther King jr. speech I have a dream and then the last type of sentence structure we'll talk about are just the different types of sentences so having simple compound-complex sentences creates unruly sentence variation but can also create emphasis to certain ideas of our key thoughts and sentence the three P's of syntax are important we have prominence so as we said before by the placement of a sentence or by the placement of the words in the sentence we can have emphasis so we have may be intentional fragments to give an idea some some impact we also have position position is wearing the sentence the idea is located so that would be your periodic in loose sentences and then pace as we talked about before pace will help us get through a scene faster or slower depending on what the author wants so those action scenes versus the longer description scenes and that creates those types of effects

4 thoughts on “Literary Analysis Part 5: Syntax

  1. This was incredibly helpful in a subject I had to idea how to approach. Thank you!

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