Literary Devices review

alright here's a quick review on literary devices so first figures of speech and that can be similes in metaphors but basically expressions that aren't literally true Express similarities you know even like it's raining cats and dogs although that can be more of an idiom but this so can be considered a figure of speech next is a simile which I'm sure you've had many many times remember that using the word like or as to a comparison between an orange and the Sun but again they have to be not similar things you can't compare an orange to a mandarin orange that doesn't work next we have metaphor which is basically a comparison without like or as a lot of times it's used with is they're comparing here Hart and icing like he's really cold his heart is cold no feeling next we have personification this one's a little tougher for people but it gives something that's not human the qualities of a human like here a leaf dancing you could say something about for example the face of a clock giving the clock a human characteristic that's personification next symbols like you saw with Edgar Allan Poe when we read like the vulture the vulture eye it's a symbol of death so that's why it's in his story when we read the black cat so dove symbolizes peace and so there's symbols like that that one's a little tougher for some people too next we have verbal irony so the ironies remember are all things that are unexpected but verbal irony is when you say the opposite of what you really mean or a character does that so if you see somebody wearing a really ugly shirt and you say wow that's a really nice shirt I really like it you're being ironic but you're also being sarcastic a lot of times it's the same thing situational irony is just when the whole situation is ironic when it's completely unexpected like it says here you wouldn't expect a fire house to burn because people there put out fires that's something that's unexpected next you have dramatic irony when again there's something that you don't or that the character doesn't know that the audience does again if you look at those Ted videos that's tea if you search that on the internet and you look at the irony ones those are great little cartoons that just like we saw in class that'll help you understand that think of a scary movie when you know the person is behind the door waiting to attack them but they don't that's dramatic irony then we have dialect in here is like somebody with a southern accent or if you have heard the Pony boys I mean sorry if you heard the outsiders tape you heard the person who was speaking as Pony boy had a really thick Midwestern accent then imagery is just really good description so here's a couple examples at the bottom and really it just is you know it could be describing senses which you see here but if all it is is really good description just to produces a good image in your mind last the toughest one is illusion when you make a reference to something or someone that's in the history in history the past popular culture like here make a reference to Justin Bieber and the way he drives really fast and crazy that's an illusion that's when I'm referencing something else and the last thing is an idiom like it's raining cats and dogs that's an idiom something that someone who doesn't speak English a lot wouldn't wouldn't understand they don't know what that means they think cats and dogs are flying down from the sky okay that's really it's also considered figurative language alright that's about it

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