Literary Periods/Movements: Existentialism



existentialism existentialism is a literary period that appeared in the late 19th century and well on into the 20th it encompasses a philosophy of individuality and deep personal desires works during this era focused on the individual being separate from groups created by society this period and philosophy focuses on the choices we make and the negatives that appear from these choices to historical events are known for sparking the existential period first is the Great Depression that occurred during the 1930s the Great Depression was basically a severe worldwide economic depression that affected the u.s. France in those years during which many of the people suffered from poverty Albert Camus lived in poverty which greatly influenced his philosophical thinking the disillusionment of the Great Depression led to the birth of existentialism second is world war two which lasted from 1939 to 1945 during which the Nazi regime and Holocaust occurred Europe because of these events where left was left in a intellectual and moral bewilderment poverty during this time grew like a plague and villus office philosophers began to question life and religion the disillusionment of this period led to existentialism as well jean-paul Sartre was a influential author during the existential era he was born in 1905 in Paris France and during his childhood he lived with his grandfather because his father passed away when he was young child and he was raised in a very religious environment during his adulthood he focused on the political topics of socialism and Marxism and his most influential work is being and nothingness which was published in 1943 being a nothingness is considered as the birth of existentialism on a national international scale and is the magnum opus of his philosophy the book focuses on phenomenology which is the study of consciousness and how the world appears to us it is to focus on the individual and his or her experiences and interactions and it questions the meaning and the search for objective truths in life the second influential writer of this period is Albert Camus who was born in 1913 in French colonial algeria during his childhood he lived with his mother and grandmother for like Sartre his father passed away when he was a young child when he was a child ikemen was diagnosed with tuberculosis and he lived in poverty and during his adulthood he too wrote about political topics such as anti-colonialism and anti German resistance his philosophy mainly focused on existentialism and absurdism his most notable works are the myth of sisyphus and the stranger which were both published in 1942 these are considered his most famous and influential writing on the absurd the absurd is the assertion that life has an irrational or redeeming meaning and existence seems absurd despite these absurd and existential concepts kamu still wrote about humanity he had a faith in mankind despite the cold indifference of the universe some principles of existentialism free will is a natural part of sentient beings people are responsible for their decisions and the resulting consequences no decision is left without a negative consequence everyone thinks for themselves the world is indifferent to humanity and a focus on the individual and philosophies pertaining to that and some themes have occurred in the literary works of this era self concerning thoughts negative repercussions are in every choice the natural world is indifferent toward struggles and everyone is responsible for their decisions and ultimate consequences

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