Literary Theory 1: Introduction & New Criticism, English Literature UGC NET/JRF, MA/BA

hello and welcome to miracle I'm reloading all my literary theories videos one by one for the sake of the new subscribers and the people who had missed them because I posted all of them in the year thousand sixteen and seventeen when I started posting my videos even if you have seen them do watch them again so that you are prepared thoroughly for your UGC net exam and also for various literature exams because they are important theories and I have tried to make them very very simple for you the language also have made very simple because I have been requested by the students that they find it very difficult to understand these theories so I have taken up this task to make you understand through various examples my Institute's motto is read literature in its true spirit so I usually relate all the same literary items whether they are dramas or novels theories or any term as figures of speech all to our daily life to make you people understand in an easy manner so stay connected watch all of them and of course you have to like and subscribe the channel hello and welcome to Medical Institute English language and literature I'm professor Robert Sharma and this session is dedicated to the discussion of modern literary theory literary theory is very complex it is chaotic it is absurd it is weird it cannot be seen it is different to the critical approaches which was discussed but discussed by Plato Aristotle harness China's then Dryden Wordsworth Arnold etc no this is not that critical approaches were just you know evaluation of a text interpretation of vortex looking for some literary terms or literary devices and on but then critic this literary theory is based on philosophy you need to be a philosopher to understand a literary theory you need to know the philosophers again like Plateau Aristotle disc artis and many others and the modern linguist and the literary figures like Mikhail Bakhtin ronald pods dead enough cause he may be called as the father of deconstruction he is the one who has given the theory of deconstruction so it is so chaotic that you cannot form a chronology so with the involvement of the science and technology the man's brain has also evolved a lot and with that the writer has evolved and also the reader who is the critic so the brain does not look for simpler things now it won't some complexity it gets she did invent some complex some puzzles are there and it loves solving them out so literary theories have devolved you know since 50 to 80 years back the new critics came and they began with the very different kind of criticism the new critics were led by TS Eliot and they were also called this whole bunch of new critics was also called as the Chicago School of critics because they were usually from the University of Chicago they will use me from America and they were also known as new it's to trillions because you know they looked back they took out the theories and form the structure in a very different manner so they were called as new Aristotelian or even they're called as the lemon squeezer school they just you know they studied the text so well and took out whatever inner meaning was there so the new critics do not depend on any external entities governing it takes like biography or social structure or the psychology of the author no they say that the text is autonomous when you just read the text and you try to generate meaning from the text itself you'll find that there are various interpretations coming out again and again the more you read the more meaning is extracted from the same text so the new critics they say that when evaluating a text or when reading a text one should free themselves from the intentional fallacy what is intentional fallacy the fallacy where your reader tries to look for the intention of the author no you don't need to look at because you may get the wrong intention and this thing there were two linguist whim set and Beardsley they have mentioned two fallacies one intentional the other affective affective fallacy in the book the verbal icon in 1954 so they say this is totally regardless the intentional fallacy and what is effective fallacy effective fallacy is that Oh the poem wants to do or and what it does you know the result it's different than what was expected from a poem I will be saying for him many people call it Foom but then I'm used to poem so their mind this is the infant way of pronouncing something okay so effective as well as intentional fallacies they are totally regardless they are not necessary or they are not considered while studying literary theory no as I said that the author has given so what he does to make a state complaints he leaves some black points for the reader to recognize and the reader finds it very interesting to locate those missing Ling's and you know what the reader now is expected to find the central unity of the text he needs to know he needs to come up with the different of the different points contributing to the unity the central unity the new critics or the literary theory the disregard Impressionism or relativism you know what Oh reader does it have to come out with the meaning with the help of the impression she already has in his brains no that is wrong because you know his impressions made it for with the pressures of the others so so sometimes what happened the comedy generates out of affective fallacy it happens with the filmmakers also when they try to make a comedy people cry if you don't understand what to laugh and when they make tragedies no I said when they make huh when they make tragedies people love when they make color you don't feel afraid so they are some lapses so in the understanding and also the making so the literary theory has gone deeper it gives you the deeper meaning it has left the surface already surface is for the general people who do not you want to use their brain but the deeper is dealt more with creamy people that's why there is a kind of a snobbish snobbery related to literary theory if you put too much into it then the effects of very very dangerous so never might we have started doing our discussion on this we will take it gradually to different points like structuralism post-structuralism post colonialism modernism post-modernism deconstruction and many others so that will be doing one by one later on in the same video thank you so much wait for the next one it will be soon here you you

13 thoughts on “Literary Theory 1: Introduction & New Criticism, English Literature UGC NET/JRF, MA/BA

  1. Do u provide something related to UPSC cse english literature optional?

  2. Clear crystal explanation thanks ma'am for such a great contribution to students.

  3. Mam can u explain how to write critical appreciation of a poem
    Main steps for writing critical appreciation of a poem

  4. Plz name bhi batya karo critics ke ju new criticism mei atte hain ..this will be more beneficial for us..and thanku mam for this video

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