Romeo and Juliet Exam Practice – Literature Paper 1



hello and welcome to your favorite teacher so in today's second podcast I'm continuing with literature paper one and this time I'm going to be looking at extracts from Romeo and Juliet now with it's just a paper one you're very lucky in one sense because you do get this extract and you can use this extract to draw lots of information not just from what's given in front of you but also it can remind you of things that you then need to link for the rest of the story because this answer for you to do well is really two parts you need to take what you've got in front of you and link it to the rest of story so in the case of Romeo and Juliet you're linking that to the rest of the Pillay we want to be using the right terminology so hopefully you have access to a copy of Romeo and Juliet for this revision if not just quickly google act 3 scene 1 because that's where we're going to look for this question so at this point in the play Prince Escalus is deciding how to punish Romeo for killing Thibault so its act 3 scene 1 and the question says starting with this extract explore how Shakespeare presents the nature of justice so I'm gonna underline justice in this question and write about how Shakespeare presents the nature of justice in this extracts and how Shakespeare presents the nature of justice in the play as a whole so Shakespeare's doing a lot of presenting and that's really what you need to focus on how Shakespeare presents a particular thing now in this case we're gonna be looking for justice and how he presents it is obviously through his writing through his characters through his vocabulary so let's have a look at this extract I'm gonna read through it first once and then I'm gonna look through it thinking more with a focus on nature of justice so Lady Capulet he is a kinsman to the Montague affection makes him false he speaks not true some twenty of them fought in this black strife and all those twenty could but kill on life I beg for justice which thou Prince must give Romeo slew Tybalt Romeo Must Not live Prince Romeo slew him he slew Mercutio why now the price of his dear blood doth owe Montague not Romeo Prince he was Mercutio's friend his fault concludes but what the law should end the life of Tybalt Prince and for that offense immediately we do exile him hence I've interest in your hates proceedings my blood for your rude brawls doth lie a-bleeding but I'll immerse you with so strong a fine that you shall all repent the loss of mine I will be deaf to pleading and excuses nor tears nor prayers shall purchase our abuses therefore use none let Romeo hence in haste else when he's found that hour is his last bear hence his this body and attend our will mercy but murders pardoning those kill that kill sorry that was quite poorly read so as with all of Shakespeare there's lots of waffle and lots of things that you might not necessarily understand and you might get an extract and be like oh my sweetness and light what am I going to do with this so you just need to take it line by line remember at all times you're looking for something to do with justice and how it's being presented so we know from before we even read this extract that in this point of the play Romeo has killed Tybalt so he's we're looking for punishment for murder and that's what you need to think about here you just think about how that's being put put across so Lady Capulet in her first few lines basically to summarize is saying that she wants justice for Thibault and justice is one of those words which it can sometimes be misconstrued with revenge and justice really means what is right and that's something that philosophers have struggled to define for a really long time but essentially we're looking at how justice is being presented by Shakespeare so Lady Capulet seems to think that justice for Thibault is kind of like that old phrase an eye for an eye so Romeo killed Tybalt or slew that's what that means Romeo Must Not live so we've got our first real suggestion here that justice for in this instance according to Lady Capulet means because he's killed somebody he can't survive so it's kind of capital punishment type I did that as punishment for tibalt dying justice for Tibbles would be for Romeo to be killed but princess Romeo slew him yes he did remember slow means killed so Romeo killed Tybalt Tybalt killed Mercutio now who now the price of his dear blood doth owe so he's saying who's who killed Mercutio Mercutio has died as well so we've kind of we've already got two deaths we've got the death of Tybalt and the death of Mercutio was Mercutio just killing Thibault to pay that blood price we've got this blood doth owe and I think it's the idea that if blood has been spilt it needs to be retaliated and that sort of concept of justice and retaliation and revenge seems to be quite prominent so one person dies that person who's done the killing gets killed and that seems to be the concept of justice for this time period that if you do something wrong right that you get killed and but the prince is asking who's paying the price of Micucci a montague then says not Romeo Prince he was Mercutio's friend his fault concludes but what the law should end the life of Tybalt so what Montague saying here in defense of Romeo who is of course a Montague is he's saying listen the the justice was in Thibault having to died for the murder of makyo and really all that Romeo's done here is he's just come in and he's done your job for you so he's done what the law should end so Romeo in killing Thibault has caused justice so Romeo is not at fault he what he's saying is he was Mercutio's friend his fault concludes but what the law should end the life of Tybalt so the life of Tybalt according to Montague is what must be taken for justice and so Monte keys arguing that listen Romeo just did that did the just thing and he just did it sort of preemptively kind of a vigilante justice so this is probably a bit of a pain of an extract but I'm gonna go through it slowly and essentially all you need to pick out is that so far they're arguing over the fact that if somebody dies somebody else must die in return and that seems to be the concept of justice that Shakespeare is presenting and he's doing this through the arguments of Lady Capulet Prince and Montague so Prince and for that offense immediately we do exile him hence so he's saying that the one person has died the next person has died as a result and so the person so Romeo's punishment should be that he is exiled my blood for your rude brawls doth lie a-bleeding but I am mercy with so strong a fine that you shall all repent the loss of mine I will be deaf to pleading and excuses nor tears nor prayers shall purchase our abuses therefore use none let Romeo hence in haste else when he's found that hour is his last what we're hearing is the prince saying that this justice that romeo has taken it upon himself to kill Thibault this is not accept and he is being exiled and the prince here is really putting his foot down because remember that this war between these two houses has been going on for a long time and the bloodshed for your rude brawls here he's had enough so he's basically punishing them with a fine so the nature of justice in this extract has a few different things that you need to talk about the first is the idea of an eye for an eye Romeo Must Not live that's been put forward by Lady Capulet and her view of Justice that Shakespeare's presenting this view through her and obviously she's not a real person so you need to remember that Shakespeare does these things so Shakespeare's representing one view which is that if somebody has killed that killer should be killed Montague is saying that isn't the case and that Romeo should not be killed because his killing was just so he killed Tybalt justly because of makyo and then we also have a different punishment the idea of an exile immediately we do exile him hence and what he's saying is he's giving him a chance Romeo to leave let Romeo hence in haste so he's saying he's got to go and he's got to go now in haste means right now else when he's found that hour is his last and that's quite a poetic way of saying if I see him I'll kill him and so essentially what the prince has said is that Romeo must leave he is banished and so he has taken a slightly more merciful look rather than let's just kill Romeo because then we've got killing upon killing upon killing he's saying that Romeo must leave and this feud must be over and we've also got the idea of a fine so really Shakespeare presents justice as punishment and I think that's interesting we look at the different types of punishment for the different crimes and I think definitely job as punishment was something that was very typical of of that time and even until quite recently the idea of punishment rather than rehabilitation which tends to be something that's much more modern an idea of how you deal with with a crime but so through the lady capulet the Romeo Must Not live that's what I'd pick out and blood doth owe the idea of owing blood and that's what the prince says we've got my blood for your rude brawls so showing his frustration at what's happening and then when he when he's found that hour in his little is his last mercy but murders pardoning those that kill so we've got lots there to talk about the idea of the the ideas surrounding death and punishment and I think that justice obviously is much more than that and it's important that justice seems to be tied up very violently in Romeo and Juliet and that's something that's important for you to pick apart this room and romance this violence and the way in which it is justice seems to be a result of anger and revenge and and that's something that Shakespeare's putting across through all of his characters but in particular in this extract so the next one so I'm going to have a look at from Romeo and Juliet and this is act 2 scene 1 and at this point in the play Romeo has run from makyo and Benvolio who were trying to get him to come back and starting with this extract explain how far you think Shakespeare presents Mercutio as a good friend writes about how Shakespeare presents make you show in this extract that's all I'm gonna be talking about and how Shakespeare presents make you show in the play as a whole so you're gonna need to go through figure out what other things you can do but with Mercutio and I'm gonna try and unpick this extract for you so it's act 2 scene 1 and we're looking at Mercutio as being a good friend so this is the conversation between bambo do and Mercutio Benvolio and if he hear thee thou wilt anger him McCue she I this cannot anger him to it anger him to raise a spirit in his mistress's circle of some strange nature letting it there stand till she had laid it and conjured it down that were some spite my invocation is fair and honest and in his mistress's name I conjure only but to raise him up Benvolio pom he hath hid himself among these trees to be consorted with the humorous Knight blind in his love and best befits the dark Mercutio if love be blind love cannot hit the mark now will he sit under a medal a tree and wish his mistress were that kind of fruit as maids cool meddlers when they laugh alone Romeo that she were o that she were an open etc thou a Papa ring pair Romeo good night I'll to my truckle-bed this field-bed is too cold for me to sleep come shall we go so the pair of them are trying to get Romeo to come back and we need to look at makyo being a good friend this cannot anger him twould anger him to raise a spirit in his mistress's circle of some strange nature letting it stand there till she had laid it and handed it down that were some spite my vacation is fair and honest and in his mistress's name I conjure only but to raise him up so Micucci o is looking out for his friend Romeo here he's understanding the tangle you know love triangle that rope Romeo's got himself not really a love triangle but certainly a love mess that he's got himself into and he says the he his ideas is fair and honest of what he's trying to do is fair and honest and in Julia's name so he has both Romeo and Juliet's best interests at heart and we see that boy raise him up and this is really like a metaphor so he's obviously not physically raising him up but he's trying to help him so a good friend here is somebody that wants to help him it's somebody that understands what he's going through as well because he talks about his mistress's circle and so he understands that the how in love he is and then Micucci is also saying if love be blind love cannot hit the mark so he's sort of saying that he doesn't really understand what's going on with Romeo but that he knows how much Romeo is completely besotted with Juliet this field-bed is too cold for me to sleep come shall we go so he's kind of imitating Juliet here he says that he understands Romeo is a very romantic person and he's you know we've got natural imagery here medula tree kind of fruit popping pear and so he's kind of talking about this love he understands what Romeo how Romeo was feeling and we know from our character of Romeo that he is besotted he's quite immature in his love he falls hopelessly over heels and Mercutio seems to really understand that he seems to understand that Romeo is going to be have his head in the clouds and so I think that Mercutio is presented as a good friend here because not only is he trying to help Romeo by raising him up but he also is understanding of Romeo he understands this like lovers dream that he's got himself into and so I think that's important he says that his vacation is fair and honest and he's trying to get him to come back for his love for the sake of his love and that's important in him understanding how much Romeo loves Juliet he knows that by getting him to come back he can help them okay so hopefully that has been helpful going through two of the Romeo and Juliet questions for language not language literature paper one good

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