The Egyptian Book of the Dead: A guidebook for the underworld – Tejal Gala


Ani stands before a large golden scale where the jackal-headed god
Anubis is weighing his heart against a pure ostrich feather. Ani was a real person, a scribe from the Egyptian city
of Thebes who lived in the 13th century BCE. And depicted here is a scene
from his Book of the Dead, a 78-foot papyrus scroll
designed to help him attain immortality. Such funerary texts were originally
written only for Pharaohs, but with time, the Egyptians came
to believe regular people could also reach
the afterlife if they succeeded in the passage. Ani’s epic journey begins with his death. His body is mummified by a team of priests who remove every organ except the heart, the seat of emotion, memory,
and intelligence. It’s then stuffed with a salt
called natron and wrapped in resin-soaked linen. In addition, the wrappings are woven
with charms for protection and topped with a heart scarab amulet
that will prove important later on. The goal of the two-month process
is to preserve Ani’s body as an ideal form with which his spirit
can eventually reunite. But first, that spirit must pass
through the duat, or underworld. This is a realm of vast caverns, lakes of fire, and magical gates, all guarded by fearsome beasts – snakes, crocodiles,
and half-human monstrosities with names like “he who dances in blood.” To make things worse, Apep, the serpent
god of destruction, lurks in the shadows waiting to swallow
Ani’s soul. Fortunately, Ani is prepared with the magic contained
within his book of the dead. Like other Egyptians who could afford it, Ani customized his scroll to include
the particular spells, prayers, and codes he thought his spirit might need. Equipped with this arsenal, our hero traverses the obstacles, repels the monsters’ acts, and stealthily avoids Apep to reach the Hall of Ma’at,
goddess of truth and justice. Here, Ani faces his final challenge. He is judged by 42 assessor gods who must be convinced
that he has lived a righteous life. Ani approaches each one, addressing them by name, and declaring a sin he has not committed. Among these negative confessions,
or declarations of innocence, he proclaims that he has not made
anyone cry, is not an eavesdropper, and has not polluted the water. But did Ani really live
such a perfect life? Not quite, but that’s where
the heart scarab amulet comes in. It’s inscribed with the words,
“Do not stand as a witness against me,” precisely so Ani’s heart
doesn’t betray him by recalling the time he listened
to his neighbors fight or washed his feet in the Nile. Now, it’s Ani’s moment of truth,
the weighing of the heart. If his heart is heavier than the feather,
weighed down by Ani’s wrongdoings, it’ll be devoured
by the monstrous Ammit, part crocodile, part leopard,
part hippopotamus, and Ani will cease to exist forever. But Ani is in luck. His heart is judged pure. Ra, the sun god, takes him to Osiris,
god of the underworld, who gives him final approval to enter
the afterlife. In the endless and lush field of reeds, Ani meets his deceased parents. Here, there is no sadness, pain, or anger,
but there is work to be done. Like everyone else, Ani must cultivate
a plot of land, which he does with the help of a Shabti
doll that had been placed in his tomb. Today, the Papyrus of Ani resides
in the British Museum, where it has been since 1888. Only Ani, if anyone, knows what really
happened after his death. But thanks to his Book of the Dead, we can imagine him happily tending
his crops for all eternity.

100 thoughts on “The Egyptian Book of the Dead: A guidebook for the underworld – Tejal Gala

  1. So for being so nice in my life I will be stuck tending crops for eternity?
    I rather be in Vahalla

  2. Old town roads is full of weird comments…
    https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/threelly-ai-for-youtube/dfohlnjmjiipcppekkbhbabjbnikkibo

  3. http://www.threelly.com/ Threelly uses state of the art A.I. to analyze videos for key insights: topics, scenes, people, sentiments, and much more.

  4. these stories were not literal, they were metaphorical. all of their gods were personifications of cosmic principles. the egyptians didnt literally believe that the night sky was Nut's dark belly, for example. its like how people today believe that rennaissance alchemists were only changing lead into gold in a literal sense. alchemy is a mystical tradition with changing one's own base material (the unsculpted soul or personality) into gold (perfected state of character/being). no one should take any of these ancient stories literally. (im rambling a bit, but take ancient stories of a hero's descent into the underworld.. they actually are describing the mystic's journey into his own unconscious mind, facing his demons (which are personified as a monster in the story), taking his 'treasure' (a lesson learned; some key to help him live a better life) and coming back into the world of the living. again, nothing literal in these stories.

  5. I appreciate his work, he made/found a cheat code for the after life, also found loopholes and then published it. Reminds me of the gta5 cheat codes that you could find online, powerful yet easy to find

  6. Wait, I don't understand, he died first then wrote the book or he wrote the book first then died???

  7. all these just to tend the crops? I'd rather cease to exist, thank you
    that finale somehow reminded me of life's absurdities in common Greek Myth Tortures
    The punishments of Sisyphus, Tantalus, Orion, etc, condemned to do certain tasks/challenges for eternity

  8. Anubus is pronounced An-Uh-Bus
    Just saying I like the video tho!

  9. So you have to go through all that to reach the afterlife?

    Forgets about suicidal thoughts

  10. Why her name's is ani? I think that is not Egypt language.

  11. And here i am opening a portal to the nether and slaying anything i see for loot

  12. Ted:The "PAPYRUS" Of ani is blah blah blah blah noledje
    Me:now im thinking about spagetti

  13. This is Satanism originating in Babylon with Nimrod/Tammuz and Semiramis!

    …"Tammuz is the Osiris of the Egyptians; the same with Mizraim, the first king of Egypt, who, being slain in battle, his wife his ordered that he should be worshipped as a god, and a yearly lamentation made for him; and indeed Osiris and Adonis seem to be one and the same, only in different nations called by different names. Mention is made in Plato (d) of Thamus, a king that reigned at Thebes over all Egypt, and was the god called Ammon; no doubt the same with this Tammuz; and who is here called, in the Syriac and Arabic versions, Thamuz or Tamuz; he seems to be the same with Ham; and Egypt was called, the land of Ham, Psalm 105:27"
    See Gills Exposition on the entire Bible(Ezekiel 8:14)

  14. Oh so he went through all that only to become a farmer in the afterlife?

  15. Sooo the beetle hides their truth? And they lie to get into “heaven”… wait! the “gods” don’t already know the truth ? Hmmm 🧐 interesting!

  16. Great video, only I have one question:

    What was Ani smoking and where to find it?

  17. The underworld was terrifying :0 The Egyptians seem to have developed a majestic fear of death and the "other side."

  18. I learn all this in school , actually I am learning this now in school

  19. So he has to tell the assessor gods that he hasn’t sinned, but the scarab amulet is there to make sure he doesn’t admit the times he’s sinned? I sure hope one of the 42 sins isn’t lying.

  20. In terms of the actual afterlife, not the trials leading up to it, i think the Egyptians had the right idea. The only differences from real life were that illness never happened and the harvest was always good.

  21. Apep I killed him in ac origins man Egyptian after life got nothing on me

  22. I think the pharaoh and sacerdotal create that thing about have some gold or money to pay afterlife .. it’s good trick for keep the people poor .. cause nobody will spending nothing just keep for the death .. like the church today praythe charity and modest life but it’s the most richer institution

  23. Surely the phrase “ rest in peace” ddnt originated in egypt.

  24. Thanks, I was worried that I would have to die “blindly.”

    Thanks to your tutorial, i am confident that I can navigate the underworld.

  25. Fun fact: the scroll had over 190 codes,spells, and prayers

  26. YOU ARE NEVER SUPPOSED TO HAVE IMAGES. THAT BREAKS THE 1ST COMMANDMENT.
    THOU SHALL HAVE NO OTHER GOD BEFORE ME. YOU SHALL NOT MAKE TO YOURSELF ANY GRAVEN IMAGES.
    WHEN THE FATHER SPOKE OUT OF THE FIRE, YOU ONLY HEARD A VOICE. YOU SAW NO SIMILITUDE OF A MAN. ALL THESE THINGS ARE IN DEUTERONOMY 4
    EXODUS 20
    EZEKIEL 8
    THUS SAITH THE HOLY ONE OF ISRAEL.

  27. The first step of becoming a mummy:die!!!! 😂😂😂😂😂

  28. U all should cover Indian Mythology too… It's a big treasure of mythologies…

  29. People better make as big of a deal of my funeral I ain't getting no average casket

  30. PTAH OSIRIS PYTHAGORAS

    HISTORY CHANNEL IS SPECULATING WHETHER OSIRIS WAS A ROBOT.

  31. أعتقد بأن (('('آني)))كان يدخن أفخم انواع الحشيش الأصلي😂😀😂👍

  32. After so much work ,everyone went to heaven and worked for ….yea forever
    .

  33. Invest in eternity, buy yourself a Book of the Dead.
    This message is brought to you by the Temple Treasury Gang.

  34. so hold up if the guy was alive when he wrote this how did he knew what was gonna happen and yet evrything in his book of the dead was true

  35. Reading the EBD made me appreciate the simplicity and the certainty of the Gospel.

    I'm personally not all that great with names, so I wouldn't remember the name of every door I have to answer to in the underworld. They'd get offended, and I wouldn't get very far. Also, what if the priest forgot to put the scroll with my name on it in my mouth in case I forgot who I was? I mean, my brain's in a jar somewhere so I may not remember how to properly introduce myself to Osiris. Awkward.

  36. interesting , so this whole life death experience is just another Farmville game . Great :s)

  37. Him: today the papyrus of ohnie
    Me: [in my head] Nyeh heh heh
    It is I the great papyrus

  38. The idea of the scarab beatle amulet saving ones soul from being destroyed and scarab beatles being assoicated with Ra it seems almost comparible to the idea of Jesus Christ saving your soul.

  39. So sad that this Egyptian scroll is just another one case of stolen property displayed in British museum. All foreign stolen artifacts should be returned to their original owners (in this case Egypt) and exact copies to be displayed in British museum (win-win).

  40. Me: okay I read the Kane chronicles I should be fine

    He who dances in blood: 🙂

  41. An Egyptian: “I lived all my life trying to have a pure heart just so I can grow crops for the rest of eternity!”

  42. So he has to tell the assessor gods that he hasn’t sinned, but he has a scarab amulet to prevent him from admitting the moments he sinned? I hope those sins don’t include lying.

  43. Ok, to go in the Egyptian afterlife I must avoid dangerous monsters, proving my innocence and then having Ra send me to freaking farming simulator 2019.

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