The pharaoh that wouldn’t be forgotten – Kate Green

Three and a half thousand years ago in Egypt, a noble pharaoh was the victim
of a violent attack. But the attack was not physical. This royal had been dead for 20 years. The attack was historical, an act of damnatio memoriae,
the damnation of memory. Somebody smashed the pharaoh’s statues, took a chisel and attempted to erase
the pharaoh’s name and image from history. Who was this pharaoh,
and what was behind the attack? Here’s the key: the pharaoh Hatshepsut was a woman. In the normal course of things,
she should never have been pharaoh. Although it was legal
for a woman to be a monarch, it disturbed some essential Egyptian beliefs. Firstly, the pharaoh was known
as the living embodiment of the male god Horus. Secondly, disturbance to the tradition
of rule by men was a serious challenge to Maat, a word for “truth,”
expressing a belief in order and justice, vital to the Egyptians. Hatshepsut had perhaps tried to adapt to this belief in the link between
order and patriarchy through her titles. She took the name Maatkare, and sometimes referred to herself as Hatshepsu,
with a masculine word ending. But apparently, these efforts
didn’t convince everyone, and perhaps someone
erased Hatshepsut’s image so that the world would forget
the disturbance to Maat, and Egypt could be balanced again. Hatshepsut, moreover,
was not the legitimate heir to the thrown, but a regent,
a kind of stand-in co-monarch. The Egyptian kingship traditionally
passed from father to son. It passed from Thutmose I
to his son Thutmose II, Hatshepsut’s husband. It should have passed from Thutmose II
directly to his son Thutmose III, but Thutmose III was a little boy
when his father died. Hatshepsut, the dead pharaoh’s chief wife and widow, stepped in to help
as her stepson’s regent but ended up ruling beside him
as a fully fledged pharaoh. Perhaps Thutmose III was angry about this. Perhaps he was the one
who erased her images. It’s also possible that someone wanted
to dishonor Hatshepsut because she was a bad pharaoh. But the evidence suggests
she was actually pretty good. She competently fulfilled
the traditional roles of the office. She was a great builder. Her mortuary temple, Djeser-Djeseru, was an architectural phenomenon
at the time and is still admired today. She enhanced the economy of Egypt, conducting a very successful trade mission
to the distant land of Punt. She had strong religious connections. She even claimed to be the daughter
of the state god, Amun. And she had a successful military career,
with a Nubian campaign, and claims she fought alongside
her soldiers in battle. Of course, we have to be careful
when we assess the success of Hatshepsut’s career, since most of the evidence
was written by Hatshepsut herself. She tells her own story
in pictures and writing on the walls of her mortuary temple and the red chapel she built for Amun. So who committed the crimes
against Hatshepsut’s memory? The most popular suspect is
her stepson, nephew and co-ruler, Thutmose III. Did he do it out of anger
because she stole his throne? This is unlikely since
the damage wasn’t done until 20 years after Hatshepsut died. That’s a long time to hang onto anger
and then act in a rage. Maybe Thutmose III did it
to make his own reign look stronger. But it is most likely that
he or someone else erased the images so that people would forget
that a woman ever sat on Egypt’s throne. This gender anomaly was simply
too much of a threat to Maat and had to be obliterated from history. Happily, the ancient censors
were not quite thorough enough. Enough evidence survived for us
to piece together what happened, so the story of this unique powerful woman
can now be told.

100 thoughts on “The pharaoh that wouldn’t be forgotten – Kate Green

  1. There are people who checked the remains of Hatshepsut, said that she was obese and was diagnosed with diabetes.

  2. Egyptians are caucasian mediterranean north africans.
    In the past, in the present and the futur.

  3. Hey! Don't men tell their own stories? Aren't they regarded as fact? Don't men tell other men's stories? Since when has a man's story become more truthful than a woman's? There were some pretty savvy women in positions of power making history —perhaps rather HERstory — in a very successful way.

  4. Actually the ancient Egyptians were a lot more egalitarian than their Greek and Roman counterparts.

  5. W
    Why d
    Why di
    Why did
    Why did I
    Why did I d
    Why did I de
    Why did I dec
    Why did I deci
    Why did I decid
    Why did I decide
    Why did I decide t
    Why did I decide to
    Why did I decide to d
    Why did I decide to do
    Why did I decide to do t
    Why did I decide to do th
    Why did I decide to do thi
    Why did I decide to do this
    Why did I decide to do this?
    Why did I decide to do this
    Why did I decide to do thi
    Why did I decide to do th
    Why did I decide to do t
    Why did I decide to do
    Why did I decide to d
    Why did I decide to
    Why did I decide t
    Why did I decide
    Why did I decid
    Why did I deci
    Why did I dec
    Why did I de
    Why did I d
    Why did I
    Why did
    Why di
    Why d

    I now understand the pain.

  6. Bring back the Pharaoh's lol most Egyptians are sick of the incompetent presidential dictators

  7. This video help me SOOO much this is a grade saver thank you for saving my Social Studies Grade.

  8. 3.16 is a depiction of the voyage she took the land of the punt
    Or in other words SOMALIA

    bet you didn't see that one coming

  9. that was boring
    أ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أنأ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أنأ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أنأ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أنأ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أنأ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أنأ تيسك ه علي ابن ة الخب ا زلابيا أن

  10. We take about her in school she had a twenty year of her on the throne and she loved peace😺😊😊

  11. Her memory and name is not lost , therefore in the religious belief of the ancient Egyptians, they failed.Because to erase the name of the dead from living memory,is to forbid them into the world of the Gods… their (heaven) no name and the Gods forget you . But her name is said often and it is not forgoten so she is in her "Ancient Place of the Gods" by her belief.

  12. i love all the fake egyptologists in the comment section talking like they have a masters degree in hutshepsut and the new kingdom. and all the people having debates about her skin colour and race. can we all just agree she was an amazing historic figure and enjoy the video?

  13. why do males wanna control everything?they can’t be fragile

  14. There is no prove not that I don't believe you but the ones who don't where i s the prove!!

  15. See " Ancient Egyptian Art They Don't Show" in my uploads

    Sub-Saharan African history in the the description or uploads

    Also. African and African American achievements in description

  16. Now that we remember her she won’t be erased from history anymore😭😭 right????????

  17. But a female pharaoh named Sobekneferu sat on the Egyptian throne before Hatshepsut did. And she's the first female to do that. Why isn't she remembered?

  18. No One Will Debate Me About Egyptian History or Kemetic Cosmology. I Will Body Your European "Scholars" FACTs

  19. 30% of comments = She is remembered more then any pharaohs
    50% = HiStOrY
    20% = somsthingrandom

  20. But she stole someone's throne so it dosen't count.
    She's not powerful but weak.

  21. What about Isis?? Thutmose II's wife??? Could she have done something??? Or wasn't she ther🤔🤔

  22. King akenaton and queen nefrititti are also rememberd in history books.

  23. How female pharaohs are so inspirational 🤩🤩🤩🤩🤩🤗🤗🤗🤗😯😯😯😯😜😜😜👌👌👌👌👌

  24. Ugh this sounds so mean but the last name Green is just hideous because everyone knows who Astoria Greenglass is but me and my friends call her GreenGas it used to be FartGas so yeah

  25. um, I'm really rusty on my ancient Egyptian history, but it said she claimed to be the daughter of the state got amun. Didn't king tuts dad try and change the whole religion to center around that guy? Even changed his pharoh name to amun smnthn

  26. women arent meant to rule, they're meant to be in the kitchen and tend to the kids. okay? 🙂

  27. 3:29 I was confused for a moment but then I realized that this was ancient Egypt

  28. Distant land of "Kunt"? Ha I think you call that a KUNTry.

  29. Wait, then how did Cleopatra come to be a pharoah if they didn't want a female ruler

  30. Let's be honest, Pharohs gave rights to women more than any other European civilization

  31. what a great job! smashing their idols, destroying the things they worship other than God.
    why wont you open your eyes people?

  32. I wonder how many parts of history were obliterated and did not survive.

  33. The erasing is not as bad as what the British have violently erased and vandalised from Nubia (Egypt)

  34. Why were they not ok with her but no one tried to erase Cleopatra??

  35. So sad how could her own step son do that to her?????😭😭

  36. The fact that we even know about her is a marvelous thing. After Tuthmosis III tried to erase her name and leave her off the list of pharaohs, her name was lost for a couple of millennia. Her body wasn't found until the early 20th century in a unmarked grave, then years later DNA testing came along to confirm that the mummy was indeed Hatshepsut.

    The sad part is that in Kemetic belief, if you're forgotten in the living world then you don’t exist in the afterlife. Tuthmosis III was trying to kill her even in death.

  37. Hatshepsut and Ramesses II are my favourite pharaohs (thanks to CIV4).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *