The Riddle of AntiMatter


An international race is picking up speed,
to see our universe for what it really is and how it came to be. According to the standard theory that describes the origins
of the universe, its early moments were marked by the explosive contact between subatomic
particles of opposite charge. Scientists are now focusing their most powerful
technologies on an effort to figure out exactly what happened. Our understanding of cosmic history hangs
on the question: how did matter as we know it survive? And what happened to its birth
twin, its opposite, a mysterious substance known as antimatter? A crew of astronauts is making its way to
a launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. They’ll enter the space shuttle Endeavor
for the 134th, and second to the last, flight of the space shuttle. Little noticed in the publicity surrounding
the close of this storied program is the cargo bolted into Endeavor’s hold. It’s a science instrument that some hope will
become one of the most important scientific contributions of human space flight. It’s a kind of telescope, though it will not
return dazzling images of cosmic realms long hidden from view, the distant corners of the
universe, or the hidden structure of black holes and exploding stars. Unlike the great observatories that were launched
aboard the shuttle, it was not named for a famous astronomer, like Hubble, or the Chandra
X-ray observatory. The instrument, called the Alpha Magnetic
Spectrometer, or AMS, is the brainchild of this man, Samuel Ting, from Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. At the heart of the AMS is a large superconducting
magnet designed to operate in the pristine environment of space. With its intensive power requirements, the
final version was attached to the international space station. The promise surrounding this device is that
it will enable scientists to look at the universe in a completely new way. Most telescopes are designed to capture photons,
so-called neutral particles reflected or emitted by objects such as stars or galaxies. AMS will capture something different: exotic
particles and atoms that are endowed with an electrical charge. Among these are a theoretical
dark matter particle called a neutralino. Then there are the strangelets, a type of
quark that could amount to a whole new form of matter. The instrument is tuned to capture “cosmic
rays” at high energy hurled out by supernova explosions or the turbulent regions surrounding
black holes. And there are high hopes that it will capture
particles of antimatter from a very early time that remains shrouded in mystery. The chain of events that gave rise to the
universe is described by what’s known as the Standard model. It’s a theory in the scientific
sense, in that it combines a body of observations, experimental evidence, and mathematical models
into a consistent overall picture. But this picture is not necessarily complete. The universe began hot. After about a billionth
of a second, it had cooled down enough for fundamental particles to emerge in pairs of
opposite charge, known as quarks and antiquarks. After that came leptons and antileptons, such
as electrons and positrons. These pairs began annihilating each other. Most quark pairs were gone by the time the
universe was a second old, with most leptons gone a few seconds later. When the dust settled, so to speak, a tiny
amount of matter, about one particle in a billion, managed to survive the mass annihilation. That tiny amount went on to form the universe
we can know – all the light emitting gas, dust, stars, galaxies, and planets. To be sure, antimatter does exist in our universe
today. The Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope spotted a giant plume of antimatter extending
out from the center of our galaxy, most likely created by the acceleration of particles around
a supermassive black hole. The same telescope picked up signs of antimatter
created by lightning strikes in giant thunderstorms in Earth’s atmosphere. A European cosmic ray satellite called Pamela
detected a huge store of antiprotons in orbit around the earth created by high-energy particles
striking the upper atmosphere, then held there by magnetic fields that ring the planet. Scientists have long known how to create antimatter
artificially in physics labs – in the superhot environments created by crashing atoms together
at nearly the speed of light. Here is one of the biggest and most enduring
mysteries in science: why do we live in a matter-dominated universe? What process caused
matter to survive and antimatter to all but disappear? One possibility: that large amounts of antimatter
have survived down the eons alongside matter. That was the view of the German-born physicist
Arthur Schuster, who appears to have coined the term “antimatter” in 1898. He imagined
that its opposite charge would allow it to act as a counter to gravity: “Large tracts of space,” he wrote, “might
thus be filled unknown to us with a substance in which gravity is practically non-existent,
until by some accidental cause, such as a meteorite flying through it, unstable equilibrium
is established, the matter collecting on one side, the antimatter on the other until two
worlds are formed separating from each other, never to unite again.” The issue gathered dust until 1928, when a
young physicist, Paul Dirac, wrote equations that predicted the existence of antimatter. Dirac showed that every type of particle has
a twin, exactly identical but of opposite charge. So for every proton, there’s an antiproton.
For every electron, there’s a positron. For every neutron, an antineutron. Within them,
are quarks and their twins, the antiquarks. As Dirac saw it, the electron and the positron
are mirror images of each other. With all the same properties, they would behave in
exactly the same way whether in realms of matter or antimatter. In his Nobel Prize lecture in 1933, Dirac
pondered a larger reality for antimatter. “If we accept,” he said, “the view of complete
symmetry between positive and negative electric charge so far as concerns the fundamental
laws of Nature, we must regard it rather as an accident that the Earth (and presumably
the whole solar system), contains a preponderance of negative electrons and positive protons.
It is quite possible that for some of the stars it is the other way about, these stars
being built up mainly of positrons and negative protons.” Just the year before, the physicist Carl Anderson
had confirmed the existence of antimatter by shooting gamma rays at atoms, creating
electron-positron pairs. It became clear, though, that ours is a matter
universe. The Apollo astronauts went to the moon and back, never once getting annihilated. Solar cosmic rays proved to be matter, not
antimatter. Traveling to every corner of the solar system,
our probes have not encountered any objects made of antimatter. Cosmic rays from the Milky Way are overwhelmingly
matter. If there any large concentrations in nearby
galaxies or galaxy clusters, we should see gamma rays produced when particles and antiparticles
found each other. It stands to reason, too, that when the universe
was more tightly packed, that it would have experienced an “annihilation catastrophe”
that cleared the universe of large chunks of the stuff. Unless antimatter somehow became separated
from its twin at birth and exists beyond our field of view, scientists are left to wonder:
why do we live in a matter-dominated universe? Dirac’s “symmetrical” view of matter and antimatter,
which saw them as equivalent, collapsed three decades later in 1964. The American physicists
James Cronin and Val Fitch examined the decay of a particle called a kaon to its antiparticle
twin. They found that the transformation back to
normal matter did not occur with the same probability. That would suggest there must
be small differences in the physical laws that govern matter and antimatter. To find out exactly what makes them different,
or asymmetrical, would be a big step toward understanding how our universe took the shape
that it did. That’s why physicists are hot on the trail
of antimatter with new technologies designed to give them a closer look at this strange
substance in nature and in the lab. What if there is some antimatter out there,
escapees from the mass annihilation of the big bang still fleeing through the emptiness
of space? The crew of Endeavour placed the AMS instrument
on its perch on the international space station in May 2011. Since then, scientists have been
combing the data for the signatures of antimatter particles striking its detector. If they manage to detect heavier elements
such as antihelium or anticarbon, that would point to concentrations of antimatter in space
large enough to have formed stars, where those elements are created, and suggest that symmetry
may not have been broken after all. Such heavier antiatoms can exist. At Brookhaven
National Lab in New York, scientists recently smashed gold atoms together at nearly the
speed of light. From about a billion individual collisions, its detectors recorded the presence
of 18 antihelium atoms – atoms with two antiprotons and two antineutrons. The explosive potential of antimatter in this
universe has long animated the voyages of science fiction. It’s the fuel of choice for
getting beyond our solar system, and out to the stars. Just to get into orbit, the space shuttle
had to be loaded up with some 15 times its weight in conventional rocket fuel. The energy
contained in antimatter is orders of magnitude greater. In fact, it would take just a coin-sized
portion to propel the shuttle into orbit. Because antimatter is so volatile in our matter-filled
universe, the challenge for scientists is first to create it, then to hold it for enough
time to study it, before it simply vanishes. Even as the shuttle Endeavour glided onto
land for the last time, AMS scientists were beginning to filter through the rush of charged
particles in space. Meanwhile, scientists on the ground were beginning
their own intensive efforts to corral antimatter in their labs. To really find out what happened in that early
epoch of annihilation, scientists will have to understand more about the properties and
behavior of antimatter. They are trying to do this at the giant European
physics lab, CERN. In a little known corner, the AntiProton Deceleration Lab, a group of
scientists is showing that you can actually trap and hold antimatter long enough to study
it. The antiprotons from the antiproton decelerator,
that’s the machine we need here at Cern, come down this pipe right here. And they come into
our apparatus, which is inside this large magnet. This is a very strong magnetic field
to help to confine the charged that make antihydrogen. Inside the Alpha chamber, the magnetic field
holds the particles in place and isolates them from one another. An electric field separates the electrons
and positrons. They are then carefully brought into contact. When two positrons collide,
one falls into orbit around an antiproton, forming antihydrogen. Then, the molecule is trapped by magnetic
fields, like a marble rolling around in a bathtub. Now remove the bathtub, the magnetic
fields. The antimolecule smacks up against the wall of the detector and annihilates,
emitting a shower of particles. So what we do is hold onto them for a thousand
seconds, then release them to make sure they are there. That’s how you do this measurement. That one thousand seconds, almost 17 minutes,
is a major accomplishment. On the atomic life scale, a thousand seconds
is forever. Things on the atomic life scale are measured in nanoseconds or smaller perhaps.
So this is forever for an atom to be trapped. The next step is to hold onto it, see how
long can we keep it around so that we can study it. After all, that’s what we want to
do. We want to study the antimatter, compare it to matter and see if they’re the same. And by study, we mean interact with lasers
or with microwave radiation to see what their structure is inside. How do they behave? Do
they behave exactly like hydrogen? Within the same Lab, the effort to pinpoint
differences is already underway. Scientists working with the ASACUSA detector are trying
to measure the precise weight of an antiproton. These oddball molecules contain one antiproton,
which would normally inhabit the atomic nucleus. Instead, it orbits the nucleus in place of
an electron. It survives microseconds in the detector, but that’s enough for the scientists
to hit it with a pair of lasers. The molecule blows apart on impact, and that enables them
to calculate the weight of its components. We have measured to a precision of nine digits.
And we found that the antimatter, that the antiproton mass is exactly the same as the
proton mass to nine digits of precision. If they find there is a difference, it’s bound
to be subtle. Will it be enough to shed light on why matter survived and antimatter did
not? The differences may lie much deeper in the structure of matter than we’ve so far
been able to go. Scientists are now preparing to throw a new
generation of powerful technologies at the problem. At the Large Hadron Collider at CERN,
they can send atoms whipping around a 27-kilometer tunnel and into ultra-high energy collisions. Looking at the zoo of particles that splatter
onto the walls of the detectors, they are hoping to find differences between quarks
and their antiquark counterparts. One recent computer calculation performed
at Columbia University unveiled differences between quarks and antiquarks when it was
assumed that these particles interact with dimensions beyond the four that define the
universe we experience. Still, its authors wondered whether the differences are enough
to account for our matter-filled universe. Understanding the asymmetry between matter
and antimatter is one of the most important quests in modern cosmology, because it would
help expand, or perhaps even challenge, aspects of the Standard Model. The clash of these opposite forms in the early
universe harks back to William Blake’s poem: “What immortal hand or eye could frame thy
fearful symmetry?” We now ask: what, in the chaotic birth of
time and space, could break nature’s symmetry and set our universe in motion? 2

100 thoughts on “The Riddle of AntiMatter

  1. The slight imbalance between matter and antimatter is not accidental but the result of fine tuned design.Physical reality is mathematical in structure. Ramanujan's mathematics reveals black holes with double centers, explained away as the two ends of a wormhole. Is it possible for the matter falling into BH are transformed into anti-matter, existing on the holographic wall of the BH, where mass is preserved? If so then the mass of the BH should be twice that of all matter falling on it plus the mass of the sun that produced the BH. Our galaxy has trillions of stars and the BH at the center weighs just as much, WHY?

  2. People! Don't buy this. These people are looking at themselves in a mirror combing their hair and telling themselves how fantastic they are. And their imagination is hallucinating. Conning everybody for there support.(if even one of them we're honest. They would say they are creating jobs for the little mothers babies the people love in their lives)

  3. Hi All,

    Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly create and defend physics. Einstein never received a Nobel prize for relativity…

    I strongly demand:

    The events of 1905-1920, we can not replace by the events of 1938-1945.

    We would be making a big mistake with this.

    Because other future generations will hate us for it.

    Crimes of earlier periods lead to war. They are the cause of the wars.

    The war is very bad.

    Change QUALITY

    1905 A.E. : Einstein ´s theory Tkin =mc^2 – mo c^2

    1996: Tkin id =mc^2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ]

    Tkin ad = mc^2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ]

    Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

    https://biocoreopen.org/ijnme/New-Trends-in-Physics-Extraordinary-proofs.pdf

    A particle moving in a transmission medium.

    Kinetic energy of a particle ( charge) moving at the velocity of v has two different values:

    Kinetic energy of a particle ( charge)

    Tkin id =mc^2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of motion of a particle ( charge)

    It is realy as Newton´s kinetic energy,

    where v is velocity of a particle ( charge) .

    Kinetic energy of a particle ( charge) Tkin ad = mc^2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ] against direction of motion of a particle ( charge)

    It is realy as Maxwell´s electromagnetic wave energy,

    where v is velocity of a particle ( charge).

    Corrected Third Newton's law of motion :

    All movements in physics are based on principle of action – reaction and on velocity of stable particles ( e-, p+,n0, D, He-3, α ).

    Action, as a motion of stable charged particles ( e-, p+,n0, D, He-3, α ), is characterized speeds up in source along ellipse or quasi- elipse ( excentricity e –> 0 ).

    Action creates unstable particles ( leptons μ−, τ−, baryons, mesons ), bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the speed of light )in direction of motion of stable particles ( e-, p+,n0, D, He-3, alfa ).

    Reaction creates into transmission medium, the electromagnetic waves, as unstable “particles” – neutrínos νe, νμ, ντ , mesons π0, π+ , π- , η , K and gamma rays (=waves of extremely high frequency >10^19 Hz ) – against direction of motion of stable particles ( e-, p+,n0, D, He-3, alfa ).

    Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable particles in the transmission medium are waves, or “unstable particles“ respectively , i.e. neutrinos and mesons.

    http://vixra.org/author/lubomir_vlcek

    Extraordinary proofs:

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0207v1.pdf

    New Trends in Physics CD Rom /book, Elementes Pictures, Spheres in Nuclei, Forecasted Nuclei

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1504.0082v1.pdf

    One Blink of Electron is the Basis Amount of Kinetic Energy 6.62606957×10-34 Js

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0056v1.pdf

    Confirmation of the Theory Under Discussion Wave-Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and in Direction of Motion in Discussion Group Theoretical Physics !!!! Eureka !!!!

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1502.0184v1.pdf

    Einstein's Theory of Relativity Can not Explain …

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1501.0199v1.pdf

    Corrected Newton´s Laws of Motion

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1501.0197v1.pdf

    Wave – Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and In Direction of Motion.

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1411.0533v1.pdf

    Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is Asymmetrical.

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1411.0531v1.pdf

    Form of the Interference Field is Non-Linear

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1411.0530v1.pdf

    Kinetic Energy of a Charge Moving at the Velocity of V Has Two Different Values

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0355v1.pdf

    Movement Principles of Ufo

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0334v1.pdf

    Kinetic Energy

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0308v1.pdf

    Who is Right?

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0307v1.pdf

    What is Quark?

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0237v1.pdf

    L.vlcek Vixra, Getcited, Book, CD, Conferences 14.5.2014

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0471v1.pdf

    Superheavy Spherical Nuclei. Island of Stability

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0369v1.pdf

    Neutrino Oscillations

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0279v1.pdf

    Physics is Easy

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0273v1.pdf

    Particles, Waves and Trends in Physics

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0268v1.pdf

    Physics is Beautiful

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0261v1.pdf

    Introduction to my Two Articles Physics is Easy and Physics is Beautiful

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0253v1.pdf

    Orbit Radius and Speed of the Sun Around the Center of Gravity of the Solar System

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0248v1.pdf

    Spectral line Hα

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0246v1.pdf

    Shortened Great Table of Elementary Particles

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0243v1.pdf

    Great Table of Elementary Particles

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0238v1.pdf

    Movement Principles of the Fast-Spinning Bodies

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0130v1.pdf

    Nuclear Fusion

    Critical examination of fundamentals in physics

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/

    academia.edu

    https://tuke.academia.edu/LubomirVlcek

    L. Vlcek, : New Trends in Physics, Slovak Academic Press, Bratislava 1996,

    ISBN 80-85665-64-6.

    Presentation on European Phys. Soc. 10th Gen. Conf. – Trends in Physics ( EPS 10) Sevilla ,

    E 9. -13 September 1996,

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/

    THE NEW COORDINATE SYSTEMS IN PHYSICS AND MAGIC NUMBERS

    This paper presents two new coordinate systems (s, t, u, v) and (s*, t*, u*, v*). There is a transformation of relations between (s, t, u, v) and (x, y, z) – cartesian between (s*, t*, u*, v*) and (x, y, z), between (s, t, u, v) and (s*, t*, u*, v*). The theory is an attempt to account for the existence of magic numbers in terms of interactions between an individual nucleon and a force field produced by all the other nucleons. Combination of the cartesian coordinate system with our news coordinates arise as very firmly fastening structure for description of nuclear spheres (shells).

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/kniha/new.html

    New Trends in Physics CD Rom /book, Elementes Pictures, Spheres in Nuclei, Forecasted Nuclei

    67 Pages. New Trends in Physics /book, elementes pictures, spheres in nuclei, forecasted nuclei, ZOO-3D editorfor interactive inspecting of nuclei spheres/, Academic Electronic Press, Bratislava, 2000, CD- ROM, ISBN 80-88880-38-6.

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0207v1.pdf

    Superheavy Spherical Nuclei. Island of Stability

    In the present paper we show, that nuclei Os 192, Pt 198, Hg 198, Hg 200, Hg 201, Hg 204, Tl 205, Pb 206, Pb 207, At 210, Pa 231, Th 232, AcU 235, Np 237, Pu 240, Am 242, Cm 247, Ku 261, and more create an island of stability. Keywords: superheavy spherical nuclei, island of stability, sphere 192 PACS number: 21.60.-n

    Spheres in nuclei

    Journal of Mathematical Modeling and Operations Research, Vol. 1, No. 1

    Page 1 – 11.pdf

    JMMOR

    ISSN 2377-6404 (online)

    New-Trends-in-Physics-Extraordinary-proofs.

    https://biocoreopen.org/ijnme/New-Trends-in-Physics-Extraordinary-proofs.pdf

    The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 Maria Goeppert Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen, continuation…

    Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Smy617i6A8A

    SHELLS- SPHERES IN NUCLEI.The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 Maria Goeppert Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen,

    https://lnkd.in/gbefaJu

  4. How sensitive the interior walls of the detectors must be to pick up the presence of subatomic particles from a few atoms

  5. Mister sr jhon kennedy expresident was founder and creation nasa.really true

  6. Here's a simple trick and logic of the universe; The very fact that you can still see things that are long gone in time is the very key to everything. Correct me. Einstein meant it as Relativity in Reality. We all know that. And we're just messing around with the works. In details. I'd focus on the collision, not the matter. But even that is merely a surface.

  7. Matter occupies the 3 dimensions we see/understand and anti matter occupies the other dimensions (6?) that we cannot see – that is what I have deduced from watching these informative vids

  8. could it be that Dark Matter is Anti Hydrogen that somehow does not interact with regular matter?

  9. This idea was announced by 20/12/2016, author from Ukraine writer Andrey Lemeshko

    http://samlib.ru/l/lemeshko_a_w/a0x.shtml

  10. Anyone remember the Space Shuttle? It was nice up until Obama kinda raped the program and threw it away wasn’t it?

  11. Soon enough the delta T of the universe will expire and then the whole shi+ house will go up in flames.

  12. I’ll tell you what caused our Big Bang ….. A scientist (in a gigantic world in which we are a sub-atomic world), convinced governments to smash a proton and anti-proton in a particle accelerator.

  13. Since matter and anti-matter are suppose to annihilate each other if this was true thinking is that THERE WOULD BE ONLY ENERGY LEFT IN THE UNIVERSE since the combo of both forms of matter would be converted completely into energy. If when the universe was formed there was equal amounts of each it would take an unimaginable amount of force to throw it so far away from the known universe that we can't find it. This is ridiculous to say the least.

  14. Does dark space create. Greater magnetic feilds are drak holes great in magnetic feid because drak and cold surpression compress of electric field

  15. Could you build dark energy cell and besides moon causing water movement are does moon light besides give light does it light and ultraviolet light from.moon do anything to earth are plants are anaiml are atomostphere repair are if gravity press down in sun but cell in plant grow to light emitted and at night grow more if cold magnetic feild of nightdraw on charge in plant water trees are plants if so i.dont remember in bible god create land and plants and trees frist are not then sun and moondoes sun light shinnig in clouds affect rays change to contorl sun light heat effect on eviperation contorl amout of water in cloud

  16. 6:00 God generated the charged particle. No scientist has explained what did.

  17. These clowns cant say what did or didmt happen during those first seconds of annihilation . They're guessing at best

  18. I want to know how the universe had a born on date?? What would have been there for it to be born into? Something was always there that has no beginning and no possible end. What would be there after? Always was always will be. Can not talk about "the big bang" without talking about how it even became to be or what was there before it.. Also it is "still growing", well into what!? And the bigger question what is it growing into? Space has been there forever literally and always will be there with no end! They keep talking about the universe beginning , it can not begin because what would be there before it "began" . What would be past "the end" ? It is impossible for a human brain or ANY artificial intelligence to ever understand. Everything is energy and that energy has always been in the universe and always will be. Cant make anything without it having been something else first . I challenge you to try to figure it out! It can not be explained!

  19. I realize this isn't how it works but if you flip a coin 100 times, chances are you will have a few more heads or tails than the other. I get scientists love symmetry and probably for good reason but is that truly how things work? Maybe, things are "almost" symmetric? Again, not claiming to know what I'm talking about but wanted to make this one point for what it's worth.

  20. What if all the supernova clouds we see, are the remains of a small antimatter star in a binary star system, that collided with the much larger star!!! Destroying the whole solar system!!! Just a crazy idea, from someone who as a child who thought the stars are reflections from the sun, (so they would be only one sun in the universe) I think things are a little different now!

  21. Just think if the moon was a antimoon! Then when Neil and Buzz landed eagle, it would had been BOOOM! Cabluey! A really big chunk of the moon gone! All the anti stuff, I guess this would be the antihistamine you don't Want NONE of!!

  22. If the anti proton is in the 'electrons' cloud orbiting, would it travel in a antiwire like electric current?? Or would nothing work like it does, I'd things were flipped 180° ??? Crazy crazy!!!! Makes me think what it this awas a anti universe !!!

  23. If we assume that charge may exist without matter (and it can) the division on matter and antimatter is totally wrong. Let say that electron and positron mass as we know is smallest amount of mass that charge can exist on. It is the same mass that sometimes is occupied by negative charge we call electron or positive charge we call positron.

  24. As matter coagellates in a vacuum as shown on the space station. Perhaps anti-matter and matter repel each other. If so I think we should consider that we will never see annihilation. Perhaps there is anti-matter in the centre of the universe and that is why the universe is expanding, pushing matter away.

  25. They say anti-matter has different properties to matter. What about all matter is vibrating, spinning or whatever they call it. Perhaps anti-matter is spinning 180 degrees out of phase with matter and we just can't see it in the universe.

  26. It must be obvious by now, the expansion of what we call space, is proof that particles of positive and negative matter are being produced continuously, each one spinning at such speeds as to create an electrical force field… This force field is constantly pushing away particles from oppositely charged twin… As like particles clump together and grow bigger, they too behave the same way and occasionally collide with catastrophic results, but for the most part, are kept apart by magnet repulsion… Beyond that, like everyone else, I'm still formulating my understanding of the subject… 👀

  27. Maybe Globular Clusters are anti-matter since they don't seem to have a central gravity well like a swirling galaxy like the Milky Way. They are out there isolated from positive matter.

  28. Maybe anti-matter's physics does not allow a black hole phenomenon to occur in a Globular Cluster. But you would think that anti-matter couldn't become a sun either because of the opposite charge. A Globular Cluster is a cluster of suns without a Black hole in the center. I'm probably out in left field here—LOL. I'm not an Astronomer as you might have suspected, or Scientist of any kind. But I love Science anyway. It's fun to learn about the Universe around me even though the Universe is so bewildering, and huge beyond comprehension.

  29. However, scientist won't tell why there is a 4° wobble, on the Earth is occurring. I know!
    Why don't you, scientist, tell the planet, and it's inhabitance of Earth the truth?

  30. Anti-matter is everywhere we just don't know how to get it or locate it we just need more technological advancements.

  31. You don't ask where is all the anti-matter. You ask when is all the anti-matter. Why it is 27.6 billion years away.

  32. Anti matter is the stuff light leaves behind. The energy that light flows through is its shadow

  33. Anti matter exists in equal quantities to matter.

    It exist in a shell surrounding our matter filled universe. And is responsible for Dark energy. It's beyond our current vision.

  34. First we need to find out what gravity actually is, then mess with anti gravity, then be 100% sure there was a real bang somewhere, then actually really find out where does outer space begins, then…..:: there are to many basic questions to answer before playing with anti matter

  35. The riddle of antimatter was solved by Paul Dirac, in 1928.
    If you want to learn about it, Google 'the Dirac equation'.

  36. We still don't even know how it reacts with gravity. An experiment was done, but no results were ever published.

  37. NASA has an unscheduled mission coming up. It’s top secret. They are launching the trump pee tape into deep space.

  38. Seems to me that antimatter is symmetrical with anti protons and anti neutrons only with hyper-volible anti helium supercharged into crystalline state in the magnetic anti-field in the CERN accelerator… then magnetic fields will release positrons until an anti-anti- anti matter configuration with only quarks remain. Now give me my Nobel Prize pleez.

  39. If particles can appear then disappear could matter and antimatter share the same space without coming into contact with each other without annihilating each other. Just a thought from an old coal miner trying to get my head around this crazy shit.

  40. If the electron has the positron as it's opposite, what is the opposite of a Photon? A Darkon? 😉

  41. There is nothing worse than a Scientist that thinks they know something. This whole small-world is just silly beyond description. They have lost sight of the whole analog system idea

  42. The solution is not seeing how we can create more explosive propulsion solutions. The solution is to find eco-friendly propulsion and energy. Tesla explained how to do this, but the governments have classified and black-shelved the solutions. Today, the governments claim that they no longer have control of these programs even while they pay Trillions to keep them funded.

    BTW: Matter is an illusion and anti-matter is nothing more than matter spinning the other way.

  43. If you just scroll a few comments down, you will find all the "missing" "Dark Matter" in the entire universe, full of swamp-water-baptized zealot trolls.

  44. All the answers about Matter and Anti-Matter lay in a Black. Hole.. If I tell you how it works, I will be giving everyone here my Theory(About the Universe's Creation and the Byond) that I discovered in 2008. I can only say… There is a Matter World and Anti-Matter World. In a Black Hole SubAtomic Particles of Matter can Colide with SubAtomic Particles of Anti-Matter. We live in a Matter Dominated Universe. There is also an Anti-Matter Dominated Universe. I will say no more….

  45. At the end of this video, the question is asked "Just what is it that could break symmetry, hence trigger creation?" [paraphrased]
    To my mind, the much more intriguing question would be "just what type of field, or force, or event exists, or existed, that could bring into a physical realm, or appropriate vibrational/frequency state, a perfectly symmetrical ism/ion?" To me, this is, by orders of magnitude, a fantastically more difficult realization/state of matter/reality to create. Where there are an infinite number of ways to break symmetry, how many ways are there to create perfect symmetry? Zero? (not homo sapiens to create it…just anything, anyone, whatever)

  46. Actually, "they" CAN make Anti-Matter, and it lasts Planks of a second before decay ! That PROVES ANTIMATTER ! YEAY !

  47. Just another demotic hoax by the elites to try to disprove Flat Earth!

  48. My Theory is that at the moment of creation, anti-matter moved backwards in time.

  49. No such thing as GOD……Adam an Eve had 2 boys…….Caine killed Able……so where did All these people come from….did Cain fuck his mom Eve..??? We would be all incest babies…..all retarded an shit….TOTALLY impossible…………religion is all MONEY based…….Did GOD help save his church in France..
    from burning. NO.!!!……. WHAT about the baby who everyone is praying for to live cuz he is sick and dieing….but other babies die elsewhere. Let me guess…those babies were there time to die…..Bullshit…no God. .

  50. Is it me? Has anyone noticed how similar the cosmic web/filaments are to the same type of structure as simulations of synaptic pathways in the brain? Is the universe one colossal brain and if so, is it conscious? If I had any money, that's where I'd place my bet.

  51. I wonder if all the matter and antimatter thars blinking in and out of existence in the vacuum of space. the energy from the annihilation AR giving off energy right I know that it's very little because they only live for probably a Planck length of time
    the shorter amount of time they live the less energy, for some reason, they give off when they annihilate. Could that energy be mistaking her dark matter or dark energy or gravity or something like that or is it just makes up the fabric of space I wonder.

  52. Sure because of all the matter-antimatter collisions and explosions could have separated the matter from antimatter and the antimatter exists the other half of the universe could be antimatter. I wonder does matter and antimatter attract each other seems like they do but I'm not sure

  53. The best explaination I have heard re Matter and antimatter is by Bruce Cathie Harmonics of the Universe. He says our Universe is not a constant. Our reality switches on and off between matter cycle and antimatter cycle at 144,000 times per second like a sine wave. The two never touch, if they did they would annihilate each other.

  54. We already know why there is no antimatter in large amounts. When the universe was created it's sprayed out in two general directions. You'll have to find the other side of the universe to find the antimatter universe.

  55. We all know Apollo never left earth, something I’m quite sure of, because the firmament is solid, yes that’s right it’s solid, You guys who are making these video are such idiots, you think by altering the truth you can actually sell the garbage you made up?! I got two words for you,
    The earth is the center of creation, we are the image and the likeness of God, there’s nothing else out there!!! the sun is only 3 thousand miles away, and the earth is fixed on Pilars. Yes, that’s right fixed on Pilar’s., these stars aren’t as big or as far as you guys claim, they are within the third layer inside the firmament, the first is the moon, the second is the son, then the stars., You guys are so hilarious, no such thing as other planets, you guys went through trouble for nothing., as we all know you guys staged the moon landings.. lol

  56. Hey everyone, if you like this video you should check out more space and science videos in 4k at https://magellan.tv/space

  57. The thing is, who created God so he/she could have created the universe?

  58. It's all about 0s and 1s, + and -, isn't it? Repel and attract. Evade and encumber. I loved hearing that in the very beginning after the mega-bang, that such a small percentage (1%?) formed into matter that became the Universe. In all things in life, it's the energy we put into things that shows us what matters. I love how no matter how deeply you go, how minute them particle, everything is the same. For example, look at our solar system, from a great distance, it looks like an atom. You have universes within you. Our Universe is within Universes within other Universes.

  59. Sheldon Cooper voice: Oké. Then riddle me this. If antimatter is much more powerfull, then that might be a good explanation for fueling the big bang. Leaving mostly matter behind? Or did it? 68% of the universe is made of dark energy and 27% dark matter, which didn't came out of nowhere. So, our universe is only 5% matter. Doesn't sound very dominating to me.

  60. What’s all this about Auntie matter? My Auntie Ada and my Auntie Margaret both matter. They make wonderful pies in square pans, and they are delicious, especially my Auntie Ada’s raspberry pi. Ada and Margaret don’t always get along and when they fight Margaret says that Auntie Ada’s opinions don’t matter.
    If that’s not what you mean by 🍣Auntie matter, then never mind.
    – Emily

  61. who cares, let these scientists clean some trash cans or wipe demented granny's ass. then they'll be doing smth worthwile

  62. The riddle of fooling the public into theoretical nonsense for further funding.

  63. don’t worry the 1% will escape to Mars. before they solve fusion and anti matter these poor bastards will perish with the rest of us

  64. L'antimateria ha intelligenza artificiale negativa generata dalla coscienza universale

  65. The 'Standard Model' predicts Neutrinos have no (0) mass…which is wrong! Neutrinos, do in fact, have mass, and still the Standard model prevails… Which brings us to Non-Standard Models, that rewrite what we think we understand, as clearly, we do not…

  66. @Rob Morland points out a StdModel quandary, yet few know of the Sternglass-Einstein work finding an electron-positron pair can form structures, a meson match their predictions.

    From that consider the first condesations of matter after a bang can•be a neutrino hitting a charge entity being a hyper-viscous fluid to create such a perfect, opposite pair with splatter assumed to be quantum.

    Late 50's, the StdModel still the Copenhagen School.

  67. u-983:q0<=*<+/9H2o>u9: this is the eqasion of Anti=molectuar esumptions of Posimatter and Quarks…this is why there is no Antiquarks in our galaxy.

  68. 1 particle in a billion makes the 100 billion galaxies each one w a billion stars..the rest disappeared…so it had to be 10 to 1000s worth of energy which came from quantum fluctuations ok….and 90% is invisible dark energy and matter as well. That's alot of fucking energy like the last universe worth pushed into a singularity..thing is if we have all those fields and everything like earth sitting in space so is our universe so who knows what's in 4d world lol

  69. But with 95% of the matter and energy dark then this isnt a matter dominated universe.
    My theiry is that its in a hugher demension right on top of us .JUST as the qauntom demension is under neath everything so to is the dark matter and energy on us.
    Black holes could be feedingbthat demension and tmstring theory tunnels through all demensions but we only observe it in purs which makes it seem so weird to us.

  70. Is not antimatter but dark matter that punches holes thru mass. That how mass decays and mass becomes denser.

    Until neutrino is trapped in the neutrino star and get split on poles.

    Neutrino has no space between poles and is 300,000 kilometers a second in cubic. That is called the weak force while dark energy is the strong force.

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