What is Goebekli Tepe | Klaus Schmidt | TEDxPrague


Translator: Sandor Marazza
Reviewer: Denise RQ Ladies and gentlemen, now we are going
a little bit under the surface, we are coming to archeology
and to a project which is one of the most important
projects of the last years. Those are not only my words,
– I am the director of this project – but it is internationally told like this. It’s a project in southeastern Turkey,
the site called Göbekli Tepe. Göbekli Tepe means ‘mound with belly.’ It’s just its name,
an old name from the map. We didn’t invent this name, but it shows
a little bit, or it’s recognizable – we’ve some natural limestone plateau here and all this mound which is not
a natural mound but an artificial mound, this is the belly on the mound
explaining the name. The project is done
by the German Archeological Institute where I come from too, but in close cooperation
with the local authorities, especially the General Directorate
for Antiquities in Ankara, and the University of Sanliurfa,
the Harran University, and some other institutions, mainly responsible for the conservation
and the restoration of the site. For the scientific work, we have financing
mainly from the German Research Foundation which is financing the project,
which is a long-term project. We are now in the 20th year of work, and we hope to continue
for many, many years in the future. Okay, that’s the framing.
I have to say all this: who are the institutions and who is giving money
for our work at the site. But what is the importance of this site? At first, I already
showed you this location. It’s a huge limestone ridge, and this artificial mound is on top of it. Such artificial mounds are
very common in the Near East They are called ‘tell’ in Arabic language or ‘tepe’ or ‘höyük’ in Turkish language. I think some will know ‘Çatalhöyük, ‘ an old Neolithic site in central Anatolia, and Göbekli is a site like this,
but it has some specifics, it’s a unique site because it’s much older
than all the other ones. It belongs to the 10th
and 9th millennium BC. So, it means, roughly spoken,
some monuments there are 12,000 years old, 12,000 before today, or 10,000,
the 10th millennium BC. That’s just after the Ice Age. Who knows a bit about geology, knows
that the Ice Age was a global phenomenon. Now, with the ice corings in Greenland,
we can date it very, very exactly. It was not a long process,
the end of the Ice Age. It was what we call
a rapid climate change. A very rapid development, around 9,600. And that’s the time when
the building activity at Göbekli started. I told you, an artificial mound made
by humans by erecting buildings, walls, and other things above each other. So, the mound was created. This is not so special in the Near East,
but, as I told you, the time frame, 10th-9th millennium, that’s very strange. We didn’t expect it in this time, when all over the world, people
were still hunter-gatherers, that they had been able
to produce such buildings, to do such huge work and much more. We will see some examples
of the world of Göbekli Tepe, which is such an unexpected
and unknown world before. Many say Göbekli Tepe
is changing the history. That’s not true,
it’s not changing it, but it’s adding a very important chapter
to the history of humanity, a chapter we didn’t know
that it existed before. And this chapter is about the transition
from hunter-gatherers societies to farming, to food-producing societies. This is a form of subsistence that our basis agrarian societies
are still based on, and this was invented
in this region at this time. This region is the Near East. We will see some maps later. And here, about the mound, an aerial view. When we started the project in ’95,
what we could see was nearly nothing,
just trees and fields. It was used for agriculture
by the local people, but the surface [findings]
had been showing us very clearly the importance of the site, and the dating by diagnostic
flint tools and other tools. Pottery is not existent, not yet invented. So, we call this stage in archeology
the pre-pottery Neolithic culture, before the invention of pottery,
but it’s the beginning of the Neolithic. The Neolithic period means
food producing period in our terms. To understand the importance
of Göbekli Tepe we have to enlarge
our frame to a global view On this map in red you see all the regions
in the world where this transition from hunter-gatherer cultures
to food-producing cultures happened independently from each other. We have some regions in Meso-America,
South America, in the South-East, and, of course you are right, this are
the numbers BC written about some. In Africa very late in comparison
to this core area in the Near East where the transition
happened around 9,000, or late 10th, early 9th millennium. The region, in the long time, we call
the Fertile Crescent of the Near East because in the South
we have the Arabian desert, to the North the Mountains of the Taurus
and the Zagros Mountains. This is the area with
the most favorable climatic conditions, the most favorable geographic conditions:
the Fertile Crescent. for a long time, we thought
that the western wing was important regarding the development
of earlier agrarian civilizations, but now we understand, through research
not only by our team, but by many teams, and in the national groups of American,
French, British, Turkish, Italian, Japanese, German, and other archaeologists
working in this region, we understand that there is something like a Golden Triangle
within this Fertile Crescent where the most important
things are going on. And Göbekli Tepe is located
in the Golden Triangle, and it has a very important role. We will see some of the monuments
that we are excavating there. The other sites marked here in red belong
to this time, to the 10th-9th millennium, but these are settlements of this period. Settlements of settled hunters-gatherers. It was a new discovery of 20-25 years ago, that we already have
settled hunters-gatherers. We thought that hunters-gatherers
are always nomadic, but in this region they changed their life already
before the invention of food-producing. Göbekli Tepe is not a settlement. It belongs to it, but is only a sanctuary,
or many sanctuaries together. We’ll see examples. Neolithic, just to have an idea
of what it means: from wild to domestic. Mainly here from wild to domestic cereals,
they are getting much bigger. With animals it’s a little more difficult, which is the reason why only four animals
had been domesticated. That’s a beginning:
goat, sheep, cattle, and pig. We exclude the dog; it was domesticated
earlier, by the hunters-gatherers already. But it’s a different story, it was domesticated not
for meat production, but to be the fellow of the hunters. But this means Neolithic societies,
food-producing societies, on the base of domesticated species,
plants, and animals. Our prediction that this site
of Göbekli Tepe is so important was completely fulfilled
during the excavations. Here the excavation work in an aerial view
from 2011 with several areas. And there are many findings,
like these flint tools; very common. Or findings like sculptures. The flints are known from everywhere, but not such large-scale sculptures like these ones or composite monuments like this totem pole sculpture
with several elements on top: maybe a lion, here an eye, an ear,
and below a human and another human. A very exciting composition and an art,
which we didn’t know before, which is challenging
our ability to interpret. And the most important
monumental architecture – sorry, I’m mixing here –
monumental architecture: mainly ovals or circles with pillars,
delineated by pillars. Two of the pillars are very big ones,
always in the center, and the pillars always T-shaped. This strange T-shape we can understand – here another view of these enclosures:
the surrounding oval with some T-shapes which are smaller, and the central pillars
here, the T-shapes. Fortunately, we can understand
the meaning of these T-shapes, which at first seem a little bit strange. Highly stylized humans are depicted because in some cases
we have arms depicted, we have the hands, the fingers,
and some parts of garment are depicted. So, the T-shapes are stylized humans,
and very often in Göbekli Tepe we have animals depicted
like attributes on the T-shapes. The T-shapes are unique in history. We don’t have T-shapes
in the Palaeolithic period before, we don’t have them after
the time of Göbekli Tepe, which ends with the 9th millennium. There are just some very rough comparisons
like the ‘taulas’ in Menorca, but this is a very different function,
a very different meaning. It’s really a table: ‘taula’ means table. These are tables, no connection
with the T-shapes of Göbekli Tepe. These T-shapes are so important because looking back
to the upper Palaeolithic art like Lascaux, Altamira, or the recently
discovered caves of Chauvet or Cosquer: here the animals are always dominant,
the animals are at the center. In Göbekli now we have the human form,
being the superior form, and it’s clear: there is a connection with
the phenomenon of domestication because now the human is the boss, and the animals are reduced
to attributes of the humans. Some impressions of the excavations of these circles, of these enclosures, here for example with in situ,
in original position, the central pillars with a height of 5.50 meters
on top of the original floor. We didn’t erect anything.
It’s all found in its original position. We are really very lucky
to have the chance to excavate such an exciting,
such an important site like Göbekli Tepe. This is unique, there is no parallel,
there is no comparison. We have contemporaneous sites
as I told you, but they don’t have this kind of monumental art
and monumental pillars. Very often we have combinations
of motives depicted. They are very rich, showing
a narrative character, showing that we have
illustrations of stories of mythological stories in front of us. And even more, when we look to this part, we have objects of unknown function, but we have animals: a bird,
a quadruped, a reptile, a frog. And such an association together
with the objects is very similar to things we know, for example, from old Egypt, 4th millennium
Egypt, on slate palettes. So started the Egyptian
hieroglyphic writing in the same way. The sign of city and animals added to it,
but in Göbekli Tepe it came to its end. There was no continuation. Unfortunately, Göbekli
had been completely abandoned for unknown reasons so far. In Egypt, from these beginnings the invention of the hieroglyphic
writing started. Göbekli Tepe is part of this story,
but with a big interruption. Here we have the image being an image,
we have the transformation into what in German we call the Bildzeichen,
and from these Bildzeichen other signs are developing, and here
we are coming to our letter alpha or A. You can easily understand it. But this is a discontinuation
of many thousands years between Göbekli Tepe around 9,000 and the invention
of true writing around 3,000. There are at least 6,000 years
of a gap we tried to fill, but for the moment,
we don’t know how to fill it. But we want to continue our work. Hopefully young colleagues
will continue the research on this very exciting period of mankind. One colleague said – it’s not from me – “Göbekli Tepe seems to be the most smoking gun
in archeology at the moment”. I think it’s really true because we have
so many unexpected new results, which are changing
our ability to interpret. And we can see, reconstruct that there
was something like a cultist community. Göbekli Tepe with its sanctuaries
[was] no settlement, but [there were] settlements
around Göbekli Tepe. And our zoologists can recognize from the archaeofauna,
from the animal bones, discovered in Göbekli and the other sites, that the early domestication of cattle was done on the Syrian Euphrates,
sheep on the Turkish Euphrates, goat in the Taurus Mountains,
and pig in the Tigris basin. Independently from each other,
but very quickly. All these discoveries, these inventions
had been brought together to what we call the Neolithic package. This Neolithic package enables people
to be superior to their neighbours, to those neighbors
that are still being hunters-gatherers. Now the farming way of life was invented, and was spreading all over Europe. We saw this map at the beginning with the distribution
of this new way of life. How did people come to Göbekli Tepe? How do you bring a lot of people there to be able to erect
this monumental architecture? Of course not just by saying:
“Hello, come and we work”, no. Feasting. Big feasting. We can expect big feasting
to have happened at the mound, so people came there and so they had
the power for working events on the side. We have a lot of experimental archeology on how to move monoliths,
on how to move big stones. But we fortunately also have
some authentic photos from Indonesia done by European travelers, showing how megaliths
are being actually moved for the construction
of the tomb of a king. We can be very sure
in Göbekli Tepe it was looking similar. This in short a story which is just a rough framing
of a story of results. Not only my results: this is teamwork. Archeology usually is teamwork, including local workers
from the nearby villages, including students from Europe and Turkey, including scientists, specialists in archaeofauna, botany, and other things. We will try to continue for many years and to answer many
of the still open questions about this unexpected
and exciting world of hunters-gatherers, who changed to become farmers,
and who changed the world history. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “What is Goebekli Tepe | Klaus Schmidt | TEDxPrague

  1. Fascinating. 17 minutes went by so fast! I'm watching it again.

  2. Many archeologists have been saying for years, even decades, that there has been a global civilization long before what mainstream archaeology is stating. It's very obvious from the very similar high precision stone cutting/work all around the world.

    Inkas in south Americas were a civilization that built many of their buildings on ruins of a much older civilization, which is in plain sight. Inka's stonework is like ruble compared to the much older precision stonework that is often the foundation of Inka's buildings. You find the exact same kind of precision stonework all around the world, often used as the foundation of later civilizations' buildings. But accepting to change the entire human history is not easy for mainstream archeology.

    It seems as if the end of last ice age destroyed that global civilization and the few survivors of that catastrophe turned to hunter/gatherers of the time to survive (we still have hunter/gatherers in our time). It was probably those few survivors who helped those hunter/gatherers to slowly start the new farming civilization again.

  3. Each figure was wearing a T-Shirt of their favorite band, and the pillars would vibrate to their Barber shop tones, man.

  4. LOL this guy is so UNBELIEVABLE GERMAN. its beyond funny xD

  5. Kubrick predicted this and died after releasing "Eyes Wide Shut". THINK ABOUT IT

  6. Still just a bunch of hunter-gatherers and no attempt to explain the elephant in the room!

  7. 🐸 3:52 "We are not changing History???! The Germans investing Money for hidden retro-engeneering✔️ thank You Mr to be a good servant RIP

  8. The look in crowd on some people’s faces….Clearly bored with history and only interested in themselves.

  9. I think there are many GT level discoveries waiting to be discovered in the Amazon. We still know so little about the history of the world and the legacy of our ancestors.

  10. I think there are many GT level discoveries waiting to be discovered in the Amazon. We still know so little about the history of the world and the legacy of our ancestors.

  11. Also, in food producing cultures map, you must take into account the native Americans of the eastern seaboard and further inland, as well as the natives of the Amazon basin, both of which planted fruit/nut trees after burning the previous trees to sustain themselves directly from the forests.

  12. Rest in peace klaus you are still an inspiration I will not let sadness slow my pace In life as did you

  13. The T-shaped Stones. Could have been pillars supporting a woorden roof structure.

  14. The archaeologist Society still made up of living people they can't hold us back forever eventually those people will die, as younger people take their place I don't think they'll be inclined to be living in a world of ignorance

  15. Neolithic people are over rated, Hunter gatherers I find much more fascinating

  16. I wonder if people will dig up long dead archeologists in the future.

  17. Truly disturbing how bored the audience looks. Makes me doubt the while TED enterprise as promulgated by the ravenous capiltalist 1%.

  18. Wait …so they couldn't even make pottery but they could build massive monuments 🤔🤔 Will we ever discover the real truth of our history?

  19. West Africans built this place. Sub Saharan Africans built the Pyramids, Stone Henge, Rome, Library of Alexandria. Wakanda Forever!

  20. Anyone willing to kite me into Mesopotamia near the golden triangle? I'll let you in on where they should actually be looking.

  21. Bright Insite had a video of the Temple of Hathor and there may have been another Temple under it.

  22. What an incredible history-changing find ! Archaeologists , Geologists and other scientists with the aid of Philanthropic Billionaires around the world need to pursue the excavation to unravel the mystery of this site. At 11.600 years ago , this was the beginning of us coming out of the Ice Age. Thank you , Klaus Schmidt !

  23. Interestingly enough, they could carve sculptures on hard rock and build with megalithic stones… but they did not have pottery and metals had not been discovered by that time… How did they do the stone carving? I have the same issue with Egiptians, historians say that they built the pyramids and they were on the bronce age, no iron yet. Are we getting dumber as time goes by? De-evolutioning?

  24. Terrible presentation. This guy does not understand the concept of pausing between sentences.

  25. The lettre Alpha… There has been cuneiform and lots of traceable transformation until we got the letter A. It did not started at the Taurus of Gobekli, in fact the letter would better fit the reversed symbol of Aries not Taurus, as the Aries is also the tropical primus tempus meaning Spring symbol and Libra the Omega meaning Fall and the begging of death and decay into winter.

  26. It's the oldest evidence of advanced intelligence found 'so far'. Most of this site has yet to be excavated, and there will be other, older sites found in the future. We will keep going back, keep re-writing the books, and will continue doing so until that day when 'the big something' is discovered. Goebekli Tepe is not the end, it is the beginning. Somewhere out there on planet earth is that key that will explain everything. All I know at present is that it has not yet been found, or maybe it has, and no one will admit it. No one even knows why the ancients decided to go to the trouble of creating tools that could carve stone, let alone create a 3D relief on them. That requires both forethought, skill, and considerable effort. It also requires a large number of people to move the stones…at a time when there were very few people on the entire planet. If people were carving stone for decades..who was doing the hunter gatherer part? Who was doing the farming? No one ever explains the logistics or the numbers involved because if they did those numbers would not make sense.

  27. inhabitants of G.TEPI found out the hard way…infections are worse in urban areas…thats why it is buried..recent coprilite finds proves the residents had MULTIPLE parasites…civilzation breeds disease.

  28. I realize he cannot defend his statement. Yet I must say Gobekli does appear to change history.
    It is perfectly understandable that Schmidt would begin by defending mainstream academia . After all this excavation cemented his legacy within that structure.

  29. I love this site- UTTERLY & COMPLETELY fascinating! And man we were all taught a lesson in what we thought we knew. Fantastic talk!

  30. I wonder what the t shape looks like as the sun rays cause shadows what shapes the shadow take.!!!!????????? ANYONE KNOW?

  31. Thumbs down for showing him flicking the flicker but not showing what he is flicking up on the screen. Idiots!

  32. He’s being very humble and generous to the mainstream scientists who had history all wrong. His discovery and work has probably been the most important archeology study in our modern history.

  33. Would be nice to see the Turkish antiquities dept talk about this Turkish site one day, euro colonisation of archeology is almost as galling as american colonialism of archeology.

  34. Goebekli Tepe was the place where the ark was built by noah

  35. If you think schoolbooks have it all right.. you’re apart of the issue we are having

  36. Herr Klaus is the truth! Forget about that lier who was ousted about the Egyptian dynasty!

  37. These structures, the carvings and the overall layout of the location, betray a level of technical sophistication thought impossible for hunter gatherer peoples. Peoples, and times, thought to be vastly unsophisticated, especially when juxtaposed against our modern era. Yet here the structures stand, in sharp relief to our current educated beliefs.

    Consider that such structures, the bare bones remnants of an apparent elaboration we cannot yet conceive, could not have sprung fully developed from such a people overnight. The education required to attain that level of sophistication, the ability to carve stone, the logistical effort in transporting them, feeding and caring for the people while undertaking the work, takes considerable societal time and effort. This was no mere cobbling together of efforts from an disparate band of hunter gatherers coming together for a party (so to speak).

    They represent an accretion of knowledge and talents that signal a complex larger culture that must have existed for a considerable amount of time beforehand. The reality of Gobekli Tepi, along with the megalithic structures being uncovered sprinkled all across the planet, lays bare the proof that there is more to human history, from that point and receding further into deep time, than we currently understand.

    What may unfold via this research, and all the rest elsewhere, is to me quite fascinating. We seem to be, as a species, an amnesiac; one who has discovered a diary and is now looking into it at wonder at the person they appear to have been before their memory was wiped.

    John~
    American Net'Zen

  38. So sad. This discovery over turns entire accepted human history that is currently being promoted. This man is a martyr; for truth that is being kept from the masses, by the elite, as to our true nature in this realm. Like so many throughout history whose discoveries, point out contradictory evidence to "accepted" modern science. Prayers to him and his family and his assistants

  39. a lot of questions was not even raised during this presentation….

    where is the quarry?
    Flint tools can shape this T megalithic stones?
    Why he said that at shape is human representation when only few are with arms and fingers?
    Why the animal shapes are in relief and not carved into the rock?
    why somebody covered these shirts with unskilled work?

  40. All men die, not all men Live. Professor Schmidt died while doing the work he Loved.

  41. This is even more mind-boggling when seen in proper perspective; that the time between the rise of Rome and now is only 1/6th of the age of this site.

  42. YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MISSING INFO ever, and no1 can understand wtf u are saying …. omg, i speak 4 languages, this is impossible to understand. Please Fix, add proper subtitles, or translation, this ruins the ability for "lesser" ppl from understanding what it going on… please, add proper subtitles.

  43. I would think, the multiple countries who were involved in the excavation and validation of the site, they couldn't find anyone who speaks clear english to do this lecture.

  44. Animals on the pillar march the constellations, scorpio, bull etc. Graham Handcocks work on GT is very interesting. Like the sphinx, ankor wat, these ancient constructions had a relationship with the stars, and the changing of the seasons. Giant clocks, basically. Funny how they also line up on the ancient equator.

  45. These people didn't bother finding this site. I was an accident. They're slow to study it and even slower in releasing anything important.
    The site exposes all of archaeology as NOT a science, but more of a Victorian era men's club. And those men thought everything was a tomb of related to silly rituals.
    Why? Perhaps because of the silly rituals those silly men performed in their silly clubs?I
    Archaeology needs to be re-introduced to actual science.

  46. Building something like that doesn't just come out of a vacuum. Convincing people to cooperate and build something like this is difficult today, requiring a vast amount of knowledge that has been perfected over hundreds of years. The people who built this started on this hundreds if not thousands of years before this place was constructed. Many milestones will have to be reached in human perception and knowledge before someone imagined this, and many more generations would have passed until everyone else working on it saw things the same way. So this is indeed a very significant fine. It suggests that humans developed these ideas during the ice age. But why? Why think like this when survival is difficult enough for the people of this region. Its easy for us today to know the advantages, but they didn't know.

  47. Look up Randall Carlson, Brien Forester and Graham Hancock if you want more interesting and open minded research on this topic.

  48. I couldn't agree with Lorenz A more!!! It's very sad it has taken so long for Goebekli Tepe to have been recognized and taken seriously in the modern archaeological community… However, in defence of modern archaeology and in the interest of an objective discussion, look at their side of it… Megafauna were still walking about, over much of the earth. The very existence of Goebekli Tepe defies most of the logic and theories modern archaeology is built upon… Building on it started 9 to 10 thousand years ago… before there were even villages much less any cities, metal-working, written languages, and many other civilized inventions and behaviors anywhere on earth. This temple complex is huge, a great many people had to be involved in building it, taking a very large population to have achieved it. How could numbers great enough to have made these constructions have existed without completely exhausting the wild food sources far beyond their ability to hunt/gather it and transport back? How could hunter-gatherers have maintained the extensive, long last efforts necessary constructing it for thousands of years??? This would have taken a vast, extremely organized collective effort, from great numbers of people… not seen/known from any other society of hunter-gathers in history… How could they have built such large megalithic pillars and blocks and with the largest known sculptures to that dater and carved right into them in bas relief no less without using metal tools, apparently by the pecking and grinding method alone? So much of what we see and know what happened to make Goebekli Tepe seems to have appeared independently, from right there and nowhere else. It's really not so odd modern archaeology didn't/still doesn't fully embrace the age claimed for Goebekli Tepe… It's just sad, really, but only human…

    I personally know of another situation of denying the timeframe of a great existing historical "culture" like this that is still going on right to this day… The existence of the Calico Man Complex in the Mojave Desert in Southern California is several thousand years older than the accepted date for humans arriving in America, at least 20,000 years ago. The reason the whole site and the work done out there has been so badly scandalized, slandered and largely ignored for much the same reasons as is has taken so long for Goebekli Tepe to be accepted. The "politics" and personalities within the archaeological community itself, not wanting to have their pet theories and beliefs questioned. Their careers are at stake on it being discredited and ignored… The American "Clovis Firsters" did such a good job of slandering the work of Ruth D. Simpson and Louis B. Leakey at the Calico Early Man site and surrounding area that it's still unknown or considered a hoax/joke to this day, by every noteworthy archaeologist I've ever spoken to about it… I have crawled all over that vast area for nearly 40 years and confirmed nearly every argument put forth by Simpson and Leakey, myself… I believe I could make a believer of any unbiased, "scientific methodology" using, intelligent person alive, be they professional or avocational, in a single day's touring it with me… Sadly my best hope was Dennis Stanford and was looking forward to presenting my evidence to him at the next archaeology convention or symposium where I could find him…
    R.I.P Dennis.

  49. TEDex, it's really nice when he talk about picture and you're showing just him. Thanks! Make sense.

  50. It looks like the round thing could be a seed. A story about planting seeds and making grain crops. Jimmy

  51. If any of you are interested in this work Graham Hancock has expanded upon all of this in various videos and his books.

  52. If this was where food-producing began, it's where the beginning of the end began.

  53. I have always wondered if the Middle-Eastern traditions of the "Flood Story" were some kind of collective folk memory of the end of the ice age.

  54. This is the best TED talk I've seen, a real expert talking about a real subject of profound interest in understanding our past.

  55. The transition from Mesolithic to Neolithic must have been all about population pressure. My own pet conjecture about Gobekli Tepe is that it started as a kind of 'tribal parliament'. I got this idea from Iceland and the Althing where the tribal chieftains used to meet annually for a conference at an unusual geographical feature. What matters to hunter gatherers is hunting territory. As the populations of tribes and natural environment change from year to year this could have led to disputes over the boundaries of hunting territories if each hunting territory was specific to a kinship group or tribe. Meeting each year to address these disputes could avoid tribal wars. perhaps a politician/priest caste used some oracle or augury to ask the gods/ancestors to rule on each dispute. Once this higher authority had ruled on a dispute no ordinary man had the right to continue disputing it. In this way wasteful and bloody conflicts could be avoided. Once the disputes were all settled a drunken feast could be held to help the tribal leaders bond in goodwill for another year. A more recent documentary I have seen has suggested that planting cereals actually began to enable large scale brewing for such feasts at a time when people depended mainly on hunting & gathering for nutrition. Once the techniques of agriculture had been safely established by the 'brewing industry' the process could be used to feed more and more humans and animals as the growing population put too much pressure on the hunting territories. As the human population grew more people had to switch from hunting to farming to live, creating a transition from Mesolithic to Neolithic.

  56. Ppl back then mastered the earth and we now master tech thats why we cant cut stone as easy or move it as easy but we have tv's and cellphones

  57. How I wish I could go back in time and feast with this people back at Goebekli Tepe!

  58. Why nobody helped him to understand he needs to get on strict keto like yesterday to save himself!!???
    He looks horrible and it was my first thought when opened THIS page
    Horrific dietary negligence.
    His Dr should loose his licence!!!

  59. Astounding. Just wish he knew how to use a comma or a period. That's the longest run on sentence I've ever witnessed.

  60. Human culture and society is much much more older than we are lead to believe. GT is proof positive of that. We will find even older remnants in the future for that I am sure

  61. The comet strike 12k years ago hid much of mankind’s past. The evidence of the strike has concrete evidence at the Hiawatha ice shelf in Greenland discovered 2017 or thereabouts

  62. Turkey has a few myterious sites. Also an underground city.
    Darenkuyu ( not sure if spelled correctly).

  63. He at least passed away doing what he loved doing, what better way to live life to the fullest extent in that death can't stop him teaching us what he believed in and loved. Long may his teachings live . And now he has his answers to all his questions, I believe that.

  64. R.I.P. Klaus, you found the site that won the fight over inaccuracy of our human history timeline, that means of coarse You Rock! 😎👍

  65. I wonder why they tried so hard to show us that those stones could have been moved by humans?!!!? …what's the sumerian/inca "bag" doing there?

  66. Changed my life. He and Graham Hancock and Randall Carlson are nipping at the heels of changing history. Who will be the next champion of the Truth?

  67. They weren't burred. They were covered in sediment when our god killed his entire species with a giant flood. This is why the arc was built.

  68. He was ahead of his time and ahead of archeology. Fantastic. His work will be remembered forever.

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